Impact of Using Low Thermal Mass Turbine Housing on Exhaust Temperature with Implication on Aftertreatment Warm-Up Benefit for Emissions Reduction
The present study examines the impact of using low thermal mass (LTM) turbine housing designs on the transient characteristics of the turbine outlet temperature for a light-duty diesel standard certification cycle (FTP75). For a controlled exhaust flow, the turbine outlet temperature will directly determine the impact on an aftertreatment system warm-up from a cold state, typical of engine-off and engine idling conditions. The performance of the aftertreatment system such as a Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) system is highly dependent on how quickly it warms up to its desirable temperature to be able to convert the harmful oxides of Nitrogen (NOx) to gaseous Nitrogen. Previous works have focused on mostly insulating the exhaust manifold and turbine housing to conserve the heat going into the aftertreatment system. The use of LTM turbine housing has not been previously considered as a means for addressing this requirement.