A Simulation Method for the Calculation of Water Condensation inside Charge Air Coolers
The automotive industry uses supercharging in combination with various EGR strategies to meet the increasing demand for Diesel engines with high efficiency and low engine emissions. The charge air is heated by the EGR and the compression in the turbocharger to such an extent that high NOx emissions and a reduction in engine performance occurs. For this reason, the charge air cooler cools down the charge air before it enters the air intake manifold. In case of low pressure EGR, the charge air possesses a high moisture content and under certain operating conditions an accumulation of condensate takes place within the charge air cooler. During demanding engine loads, the condensate is entrained from the charge air cooler into the combustion chamber, resulting in misfiring or severe engine damage.