Closed Loop Start of Combustion Control Utilizing Ionization Sensing in a Diesel Engine
This paper describes the technique of in-cylinder ionization sensing in a common rail diesel engine. The technology detects in real time, the start of combustion for both pilot and main combustion enabling the fuel control strategy to change from open to closed loop, thus, maintaining the desired start of combustion for all speeds and loads. Additionally, the ionization sensing enables the ECM to truly correct for changes in ignition delays caused by as an example a change in fuel cetane number or in air, fuel and engine temperature. The conclusions are that ionization sensing improves the ability to control a diesel engine and is a feasible technology for production vehicles.