Modeling the Effect of Substrate Cell Shape on Conversion in Monolith Catalysts
Mass transfer limitations from the bulk gas phase to the surface of the catalyst as well as mass transfer limitations within the washcoat itself have important effects on conversion in washcoated monolith catalysts. These factors depend upon the shape of the channel as well as the loading of washcoat material. This paper outlines a method to describe the washcoat distribution profile for different channel shapes and washcoat loadings. This allows for prediction of effectiveness factors and bulk mass transfer coefficients as a function of cell geometry and washcoat loading for the oxidation of propane. It was found that differences in the diffusion limitations within the washcoat control conversion in the catalyst more than differences in bulk mass transfer rates when comparing different cell shapes. The results show that optimum washcoat loadings exist for the geometry of each cell, and that these optimum loadings are a function of catalyst temperature.