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Technical Paper

Global Market Gasoline Quality Review: Five Year Trends in Particulate Emission Indices

A gasoline’s chemical composition impacts a vehicle’s sooting tendency and therefore has been the subject of numerous emissions studies. From these studies, several mathematical correlation equations have been developed to predict a gasoline’s sooting tendency in modern spark-ignited internal combustion engine vehicles. This paper reviews the recently developed predictive tool methods and summarizes five years of global market fuel survey data to characterize gasoline sooting tendency trends around the world. Additionally, the paper will evaluate and suggest changes to the predictive methods to improve emissions correlations.
Technical Paper

China Market Gasoline Review Using Fuel Particulate Emission Correlation Indices

The impact of gasoline composition on vehicle particulate emissions response has been widely investigated and documented. Correlation equations between fuel composition and particulate emissions have also been documented, e.g. Particulate Matter Index (PMI) and Particulate Evaluation Index (PEI). Vehicle PM/PN emissions correlate very well with these indices. In a previous paper, global assessment with PEI on fuel sooting tendency was presented [1]. This paper will continue the previous theme by the authors, and cover China gasoline in more detail. With air pollution an increasing concern, along with more stringent emission requirements in China, both OEMs and oil industries are facing new challenges. Emissions controls require a systematic approach on both fuels and vehicles. Chinese production vehicle particulate emissions for a range of PEI fuels are also presented.