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Technical Paper

SIMULATION OF SOFTENING AND RUPTURE IN MULTILAYERED FUEL TANK MATERIAL

2019-11-21
2019-28-2557
Research and/or Engineering Questions/Objective Plastic automotive fuel tanks made up of blow molded, multi-layered, high-density polyethylene (HDPE) material can take complex shapes with varying thickness. Accidental drop of fuel tank from a height during handling can lead to development of cracks. Damage can also occur due to an impact during a crash. This can be catastrophic due to flammability of the fuel. The objective of this work is to characterize and develop a failure model for the fuel tank material to simulate damage and enhance predictive capability of CAE for chassis and safety load cases. Methodology Different aspects were considered to develop a characterization and modelling strategy for the HDPE fuel tank. Material properties can be influenced by factors such as, service temperature, rate of deformation, state of stress etc.
Technical Paper

Collective Thermal Behavior of Multiple Terminals in an Automotive Electrical Connector

2016-04-05
2016-01-0105
This technical paper aims to provide a framework for simulating the thermal behavior of an automotive electrical connector with the current flow across each terminal. An automotive electrical connector uses multiple terminals fitted in the respective cavity of a connector. Temperature at terminal increases with the current flow level across it. This temperature rise occurs due to resistive heat loss in the terminal. Due to this, temperature in the surrounding cavities also rises; hence, the current carrying capacity of those cavities reduces. Analysis of similar scenarios for design alternatives and design decisions is important to develop reliable and optimized solutions. The reliable and optimized solution helps to save the cost. There is a large variation of different terminals used in the wiring harness, and there are various parameters attributing to this variation (shape, size, material, plating etc…).
Technical Paper

Acoustic Performance Evaluation of Hood Liner Constructions

2015-06-15
2015-01-2206
In automotive noise control, the hood liner is an important acoustic part for mitigating engine noise. The random incidence absorption coefficient is used to quantify the component level acoustic performance. Generally, air gaps, type of substrate materials, density of the substrate materials and Air Flow Resistivity (AFR) of the cover scrim are the dominant control factors in the sound absorption performance. This paper describes a systematic experimental investigation of how these control factors affect flat sample performance. The first stage of this study is full factorial measurement based on current available solutions from sound absorber suppliers. The acoustic absorption of different hood liner constructions, with variations in materials, density, air gaps, and scrims was measured.
Technical Paper

Optimization of Front Bumper Beam for RCAR Performance using Design of Six Sigma and Finite Element Analysis

2015-04-14
2015-01-1493
Research Council for Automotive Repairs (RCAR) has developed a bumper test at 10 km/h to assess the damageability and repairing cost during a low speed collusion. For minimum damage and minimum repairing cost during low speed collusion it is necessary to design a bumper beam which provides structural stiffness and reduced deflection. Often it is challenging to design a front bumper beam to meet all safety requirements including, RCAR, high speed offset barrier and pedestrian protection, since these requirements are not necessarily compatible with each other. Design changes in rails and packaging constraints add to this challenge. In this study, design of six sigma (DFSS) and finite element analysis are used to study the parameters that affect the stiffness and deflection of the front bumper beam.
Technical Paper

Optimization of Diesel Oxidation Catalyst (DOC) on Passenger Cars to Improve Emission Robustness

2015-04-14
2015-01-1013
Emission compliance at the production level has been a challenge for vehicle manufacturers. Diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC) plays a very important role in controlling the emissions for the diesel vehicles. Vehicle manufacturers tend to ‘over design’ the diesel oxidation catalyst to ‘absorb’ the production variations which seems an easier and faster solution. However this approach increases the DOC cost phenomenally which impacts the overall vehicle cost. The main objective of this paper is to address the high variation in CO tail pipe emissions which were observed on a diesel passenger car during development. This variation was posing a challenge in consistently meeting the internal product requirement/specification.
Technical Paper

Optimization of the Customer Experience for Routine Handling Performance

2015-04-14
2015-01-1588
Rapidly increasing customer, financial, and regulatory pressures are creating clear changes in the calculus of vehicle design for modern automotive OEM's (Original Equipment Manufacturers). Customers continue to demand shorter product lifecycles; the increasingly competitive global market exerts pressure to reduce costs in all stages of development; and environmental regulations drive a continuous need to reduce mass and energy consumption. OEM's must confront these challenges while continuing to satisfy the customer. The foundation to meeting these challenges includes: (1) Continued development of objective metrics to quantify performance; (2) Frontloading vehicle design content and performance synthesis; (3) A precise understanding of the customer and their performance preferences under diverse usage conditions. These combined elements will enable products better optimized amongst competing (and often contradictory) imperatives.
Technical Paper

AUTOSAR Software Platform Adoption: Systems Engineering Strategies

2014-04-01
2014-01-0289
AUTOSAR(AUTomotive Open System ARchitecture) establishes an industry standard for OEMs and the supply chain to manage growing complexity to the automotive electronics domain. Increased focus on software based features will prove to be a key differentiator between vehicle platforms. AUTOSAR serves to standardize automotive serial data communication protocols, interaction with respect to hardware peripherals within an ECU and allow ECU implementer to focus on development of unique customer focused features that distinguish product offerings. Adoption strategy and impact assessment associated with leveraging AUTOSAR for an E/E Architecture and the potential challenges that need to be considered will be described in this publication. This publication will also illustrate development strategies that need to be considered w.r.t deploying AUTOSAR like data exchange, consistency to BSW software implementation, MCAL drivers etc.
Journal Article

Lightweight Acoustic System Performance Target Setting Process

2013-05-13
2013-01-1982
In the vehicle development process, one important step is to set a component performance target from the vehicle level performance. Conventional barrier-decoupler dash mats and floor trim underlayment systems typically provide sound transmission loss (STL) with minimal absorption. Thus the performance of such components can be relatively easily specified as either STL or Insertion Loss. Lightweight dissipative or multi-layered acoustic materials provide both STL and significant absorption. The net performance is a combination of two parameters instead of one. The target for such components needs to account for this combined effect, however different suppliers use unique formulations and manufacturing methods, so it is difficult and time consuming to judge one formulation against another. In this paper, a unique process is presented to set a component target as a combined effect of STL and absorption.
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