Powder Metal Parts for Automotive Applications–Part III
The constant challenge for automotive engineers to design vehicles with greater reliability at lower cost has brought powder metallurgy (P/M) to the foreground. This technology provides parts to or near net shape and results in savings of material, energy, capital equipment and floor space. This paper is an extension of SAE reports 850458 and 870133 and describes automotive powder metal components not previously identified. It should help engineers find cost effective applications early in the design stage so that P/M technology can be efficiently adopted. In addition, recent important technological developments in the P/M field applicable to automotive parts are highlighted. In particular, increased reliability achieved through SPC is stressed. A novel blending process is described whereby the alloying ingredients are “glued” to iron powder particles resulting in an increase in P/M quality through improved homogeneity.