Refine Your Search

Topic

Author

Search Results

Technical Paper

An Investigation of a Reduction Method of the Body Vibration at a Situation of Engine Start-Stop

2019-04-02
2019-01-0785
In recent years, electrification of powertrains has been promoted to improve fuel efficiency and CO2 emissions. Along with electrification, it is possible to reduce engine usage frequency and improve the fuel efficiency in traveling. Especially in a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV), the state changes from motor assist mode to engine firing mode. As a result, stay time in eigenvalue of a powertrain is shortened, and vibration of the vehicle body at the engine start situation is able to be reduced as compared with conventional engine-driven vehicle. However, since the HEV is equipped with a high compression ratio engine for improving fuel economy, there is cause for concern that excitation force generated by the powertrain at the time of engine start increases. Also, the vehicle body vibration at engine start situations requires further consideration, because the operation frequency of engine decreases.
Technical Paper

Development of Low Temperature Active Three Way Catalyst

2019-04-02
2019-01-1293
In recent years, fuel efficiency has been improved by using many technologies such as downsizing engine, turbocharger and direct injection to reduce CO2 emissions from vehicle. However, the temperature of the exhaust gas from the engines using these technologies becomes lower than that form conventional one. That increases the difficulty for three-way catalyst (TWC) to purify CO, HC and NOx enough because TWC is not warmed up just after engine starting. In order to reduce cold emission mentioned above, we have been studying the warmup strategy of which the key property is thermal mass of TWC. To achieve early warmup, thermal mass of TWC is reduced by lightening the weight of (1) substrate and (2) catalytic materials, namely washcoat amount. Along with the strategy, we have developed TWC with lightweight substrate and applied it from the 2016 model year CIVIC.
Journal Article

Development of Electric Powertrain for CLARITY PLUG-IN HYBRID

2018-04-03
2018-01-0415
Honda has developed the 2018 model CLARITY PLUG-IN HYBRID. Honda’s new plug-in hybrid is a midsize sedan and shares a body platform with the CLARITY FUEL CELL and the CLARITY ELECTRIC. The vehicle’s electric powertrain boosts driving performance as an electric vehicle (EV) over Honda’s previous plug-in hybrid. The CLARITY PLUG-IN HYBRID’s electric powertrain consists of a traction motor and generator built into the transmission, a Power Control Unit (PCU) positioned above the transmission, an Intelligent Power Unit (IPU) fitted under the floor, and an onboard charger fitted below the rear trunk. The PCU integrates an inverter that drives the traction motor, an inverter that drives the generator, and a DC-DC converter to boost battery voltage (referred to as a “Voltage Control Unit (VCU)” below).
Journal Article

Development of GFRTP Crush Box with Consideration of Use Environment and Effect of Fiber Orientation

2017-03-28
2017-01-0498
Regulation of automotive CO2 emissions is becoming increasingly stringent throughout the world in response to global warming. For automakers, this means a focus not only on increasing the fuel economy of powertrains, but also on reducing automotive driving resistance. High expectations are held for thermoplastic fiber-reinforced plastics (FRP) for the realization of automotive weight savings while also offering high levels of productivity and recyclability. Thermoplastic FRP crush boxes display a higher level of energy absorption performance than metal (steel, aluminum, etc.) crush boxes. This will contribute to automotive weight savings and improved package design. In the case of automotive front bumper beam systems, it is necessary to realize stable load characteristics irrespective of the use environment. It is therefore necessary to consider the effects of temperature and thermoplastic resin degradation.
Technical Paper

Development of Electric Powertrain for New Model Hybrid Sports Utility Vehicle

2017-03-28
2017-01-1158
An electric powertrain has been developed for Honda’s 2017 model hybrid SUV. The electric powertrain developed for the hybrid model consists of a Twin Motor Unit (TMU), a high-output front motor mated to a 7-speed DCT for efficient power generation, a Power Control Unit (PCU), and an Intelligent Power Unit (IPU). The TMU is made up of two motor units able to drive the left and right wheels independently, as employed in Honda’s flagship sedan and high-end sports cars. The PCU delivers electric power to the motors, and the IPU stores drive torque and regenerative energy. The high-output front motor and TMU are equipped with sports hybrid SH-AWD components, as used in existing mass-production models, in order to realize handling performance equaling that of the base SUV. Positioned under the floor outside the passenger cabin, the PCU has a newly developed 3-in-1 inverter, motor control ECU, and 12V DC-DC converter built-in, and is housed in a fully waterproof structure.
Journal Article

Application of Model-Based Development to Engine Restart Vibration After Idling Stop

2017-03-28
2017-01-1053
Idling stop systems are being increasingly adopted in conventional engine vehicles as well as hybrid electric vehicles to increase fuel efficiency. When the engine starts, body vibration occurs that is caused by the rigid body eigenvalues of the power plant during initial combustion. Engine restart vibration after an idling stop is caused by the input force from the transmission, and the reaction force from the drive shaft as well as the input force from the engine. This phenomenon occurs frequently when the engine is restarted from the idling stop, the vibration is increasingly annoying to passengers. Usually, the vehicle development process is carried out in accordance with the V process. The V process divides the vehicle development process into two stages. The first stage is called the vehicle design stage to determine the characteristic. The second stage is called the vehicle verification stage to verify the performance.
Technical Paper

New 1.0L I3 Turbocharged Gasoline Direct Injection Engine

2017-03-28
2017-01-1029
To comply with the environmental demands for CO2 reduction without compromising driving performance, a new 1.0 liter I3 turbocharged gasoline direct injection engine has been developed. This engine is the smallest product in the new Honda VTEC TURBO engine series (1), and it is intended to be used in small to medium-sized passenger car category vehicles, enhancing both fuel economy through downsizing, state-of-the-art friction reduction technologies such as electrically controlled variable displacement oil pump and timing belt in oil system, and also driving performance through turbocharging with an electrically controlled waste gate. This developed engine has many features in common with other VTEC TURBO engines such as the 1.5 liter I4 turbocharged engine (2) (3), which has been introduced already into the market.
Technical Paper

1-D Simulation Model Developed for a General Purpose Engine

2016-11-08
2016-32-0030
In recent years, improvements in the fuel economy and exhaust emission performance of internal combustion engines have been increasingly required by regulatory agencies. One of the salient concerns regarding general purpose engines is the larger amount of CO emissions with which they are associated, compared with CO emissions from automobile engines. To reduce CO and other exhaust emissions while maintaining high fuel efficiency, the optimization of total engine system, including various design parameters, is essential. In the engine system optimization process, cycle simulation using 0-D and 1-D engine models are highly useful. To define an optimum design, the model used for the cycle simulation must be capable of predicting the effects of various parameters on the engine performance. In this study, a model for predicting the performance of a general purpose SI (Spark Ignited) engine is developed based on the commercially available engine simulation software, GT-POWER.
Technical Paper

Effect of Variable Cooling System for Fuel Economy Improvement on Scooter with Air Cooled Engine

2016-11-08
2016-32-0092
A variable cooling system has been developed for scooters equipped with an air cooled, four-stroke, single cylinder gasoline engine. This system opens or closes louver located at the cooling air inlet using an oil-temperature sensitive actuator. When the engine is cold or the engine load is low, the louver shut off the cooling air for a quick warm-up and for maintaining the engine oil temperature high to reduce the friction losses that occur with low oil temperature while eliminating the loss from driving the cooling fan as well. The quick warm-up also decreases supplementary fuel injections necessary when the engine is cold. Consequently, fuel economy improvement by 3.3% was realized in running condition of the Urban Driving Cycle.
Journal Article

Establishment of Fuel Economy Estimation Method Focused on Transmission Efficiency of Rubber Belt Type CVT

2016-11-08
2016-32-0036
A simulation tool has been developed that can be used to estimate a fuel economy while driving in a mode test of a motorcycle equipped with a continuously variable transmission (CVT) at an early stage of development. For a precise estimation of a mode fuel economy, it is necessary to accurately estimate the CVT ratio, the engine speed, and the crankshaft torque during driving in a mode. To achieve this, this study has generalized the transmission efficiency of a CVT system. This study has also derived developed balance equations that can take into account the transmission efficiency of CVT and the slippage that occurs when the centrifugal clutch is about to be engaged. In the proposed method, the pulley ratio of CVT, the engine speed, and the torque at the crankshaft were obtained first by solving the developed balance equations at discrete times during driving in a mode.
Technical Paper

Development of a New 1.5L I4 Turbocharged Gasoline Direct Injection Engine

2016-04-05
2016-01-1020
A 1.5 L downsizing turbocharged engine was developed to achieve both driving and environmental performance. The engine is intended to replace 1.8 - 2.4 L class NA engines. In downsizing turbocharged engines, mixture homogeneity is important for suppressing knocking and emission reduction. Particularly under high load, creating rapid combustion and a homogeneous mixture are key technologies. The authors used a long-stroke direct injection engine, which has outstanding rapid combustion and thermal efficiency, as a base engine meeting these requirements. They combined this with a high-tumble port and shallow-dish piston intended to support tumble flow. The combination enhanced flow within the cylinder. The combustion system was built to include a sodium-filled exhaust valve to reduce knocking and a multi-hole injector (six holes) for mixture homogeneity and to reduce the fuel wall wetting.
Technical Paper

Development of a New 2.0L I4 Turbocharged Gasoline Direct Injection Engine

2016-04-05
2016-01-1017
It is important to take action regarding environmental issues on a global scale, and automakers are adding downsized turbocharged engines to their line-ups as a means of reducing CO2 emissions, particularly in Europe. Honda has recently announced a next-generation powertrain series that realizes a good balance between environmental performance and driving pleasure. As part of this series, the company has developed a downsized and turbocharged 2.0L gasoline direct injection engine. This is a high-powered sports car engine positioned in the European “hot hatch” category. The development balanced engine power with good environmental performance.
Technical Paper

Transmission-Mounted Power Control Unit with High Power Density for Two-Motor Hybrid System

2016-04-05
2016-01-1223
A second-generation power control unit (PCU) for a two-motor hybrid system is proposed. An optimally designed power module, which is a key component of the PCU, is applied to increase heat-resistant temperature, while the basic structure of the first generation is retained and the power semiconductor chip is directly cooled from the single side. In addition to the optimum design, by decreasing the power loss as well as increasing the heat-resistant temperature of the power semiconductors (IGBT: Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor and FWD: Free Wheeling Diode), the proposed PCU has attained 25% higher power density and 23% smaller size compared to first-generation units, maintaining PCU efficiency (fuel economy). To achieve a high yield rate in the power module assembly process, a new screening technology is adopted at the initial stage of power module manufacturing.
Journal Article

Full Vehicle Thermal Prediction by Identification Approach from Test Results

2015-04-14
2015-01-0441
With demands for enhanced environmental performance such as fuel economy, the tendency has been to reduce the amount of wind introduced to the engine room to reduce drag. Meanwhile, exhaust gas temperatures are increasing in order to reduce emissions concentrations. As a result, the temperature environments for parts inside the engine room and underfloor parts are becoming harsher, and accurately understanding the temperature environments of parts is crucial in determining Engine room component layout during vehicle development and applying effective thermal countermeasures. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) are effective for understanding complex phenomena such as heat generation and cooling. However, this paper reports the development of a method for accurately calculating the vehicle temperature distribution through identification from test results.
Journal Article

Development of a Compact Ultra-Flat Torque Converter Equipped with a High-Performance Damper

2015-04-14
2015-01-1088
By optimizing parameters related to damping performance and adopting a layout that incorporates the turbine into the damper components, a “Turbine Twin-Damper” lock-up damper was developed that achieves both damping performance and compactness. To reduce losses in the fluid flow channel, a smaller torus was developed that reduce the width of the torus by about 30%.Through the combination of this Turbine Twin-Damper and smaller torus, attenuation of the torque fluctuation transmitted to the transmission to 1/2 or less compared to a conventional product was achieved without increasing the overall width of the torque converter. As a result, the engine speed at cruise fell by 400rpm, and fuel economy improved.
Technical Paper

Validation of Turbulent Combustion and Knocking Simulation in Spark-Ignition Engines Using Reduced Chemical Kinetics

2015-04-14
2015-01-0750
Downsizing or higher compression ratio of SI engines is an appropriate way to achieve considerable improvements of part load fuel efficiency. As the compression ratio directly impacts the engine cycle thermal efficiency, it is important to increase the compression ratio in order to reduce the specific fuel consumption. However, when operating a highly boosted / downsized SI engine at full load, the actual combustion process deviates strongly from the ideal Otto cycle due to the increased effective loads requiring ignition timing delay to suppress abnormal combustion phenomena such as engine knocking. This means that for an optimal design of an SI engine between balances must be found between part load and full load operation. If the knocking characteristic can be accurately predicted beforehand when designing the combustion chamber, a reduction of design time and /or an increase in development efficiency would be possible.
Journal Article

New Theoretical Approach for Weight Reduction on Cylinder Head

2015-04-14
2015-01-0495
Designing a lightweight and durable engine is universally important from the standpoints of fuel economy, vehicle dynamics and cost. However, it is challenging to theoretically find an optimal solution which meets both requirements in products such as the cylinder head, to which various thermal loads and mechanical loads are simultaneously applied. In our research, we focused on “non-parametric optimization” and attempted to establish a new design approach derived from the weight reduction of a cylinder head. Our optimization process consists of topology optimization and shape optimization. In the topology optimization process, we explored an optimal structure with the theoretically-highest stiffness in the given design space. This is to provide an efficient structure for pursuing both lightweight and durable characteristics in the subsequent shape optimization process.
Technical Paper

Conceptual Simulation for Plug-In HEV at Early Stage of Development

2015-04-14
2015-01-0980
This study aims to build a conceptual simulation used at the early stage of PHEV development. This simulation enables to design vehicle concept and fundamental architecture with regard to fuel economy, vehicle acceleration and electric range. The model based on forward-looking method comprises of plant-model and controller-model which are made by one-dimensional simulation tool “GT-SUITE” and Matlab/SIMULINK respectively. In order to automatically couple between them and to implement iterative calculations of SOC (State-of-Charge) convergence, optimization and automation tool “modeFRONTIER” was used. As a case study of this simulation, we adopted series-parallel type plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) and demonstrated the results on fuel economy of a legislative driving cycle and 0-60mph vehicle acceleration. Moreover, procedures to identify component specifications meeting vehicle targets and requirements at the early stage of vehicle development were concretely described.
Technical Paper

Electric Drive System for SPORT HYBRID SH-AWD

2014-04-01
2014-01-1821
We have developed the new SPORT HYBRID SH-AWD system, a hybrid system that provides best in class fuel economy and drivability to exceed customer expectations. The powertrain has a V6 engine and comes with three drive types modes: front wheel drive powered by a 7-speed dual clutch transmission with one built-in motor, rear wheel drive powered by a twin motor unit with two built-in motors, and all-wheel drive powered by a combination of the two. The system can automatically select the most efficient drive method for the driver's needs and the road conditions. The two motors built into the twin motor unit are individually controlled and torque vectoring is used to create a torque difference between the left and right tires, improving the turning performance. The electric drive system was developed with consideration for layout feasibility and quietness. The two motors built into the twin motor unit and the inverter that drives the motors have been newly developed.
Journal Article

Durability Design Method of New Stopper Bush Using New Theory (Friction and Spring) for Electric Power Steering

2014-04-01
2014-01-0046
In the automobile industries, weight reduction has been investigated to improve fuel efficiency together with reduction of CO2 emission. In such circumstance, it becomes necessity to make an electric power steering (EPS) more compact and lightweight. In this study, we aimed to have a smaller and lighter EPS gear size by focusing on an impact load caused at steering end. In order to increase the shock absorption energy without increase of stopper bush size, we propose new theory of impact energy absorption by not only spring function but also friction, and a new stopper bush was designed on the basis of the theory. The profile of the new stopper bush is cylinder form with wedge-shaped grooves, and when the new stopper bush is compressed by the end of rack and the gear housing at steering end, it enables to expand the external diameter and produce friction. In this study, we considered the durability in the proposed profile.
X