Anisotropic Material Damage Model of Randomly Oriented Thermoplastic Composites for Crash Simulation
In this research, a material model was developed that has orthotropic properties with respect to in-plane damage to support finite element strength analysis of components manufactured from a randomly oriented long-fiber thermoplastic composite. This is a composite material with randomly oriented bundles of carbon fibers that are approximately one inch in length. A macroscopic characteristic of the material is isotropic in in-plane terms, but there are differences in the tension and compression damage properties. In consideration of these characteristics, a material model was developed in which the damage evolution rate is correlated with thermodynamic force and stress triaxiality. In-plane damage was assumed to be isotropic with respect to the elements. In order to validate this material model, the results from simulation and three-point bending tests of closed-hat-section beams were compared and found to present a close correlation.