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Technical Paper

Efficient acoustic trim components results recovery for industrial finite elements models

In the automotive industry, acoustic trim components are playing an essential role in the vehicle Noise, Vibration and Harshness (NVH). They act in three different ways: reducing the structure vibration, absorbing incident acoustic waves and reducing both the structure-borne and air-borne noise transmission. Mastering acoustic trims is key for interior acoustic comfort and a major differentiator in terms of customer appreciation. An elegant and efficient way to solve fully trimmed vehicle models numerically is the well documented and widely used Reduced Impedance Matrix (RIM) method. It solves the structure and cavity in modal coordinates, while the acoustic trim components are solved in physical coordinates where their complex damping behavior can be fully captured. This method is very accurate to compute structure and cavity results but couldn’t initially recover data such as pressure or displacement inside the acoustic trim parts.
Technical Paper

Extensive Correlation Study of Acoustic Trim Packages in Trimmed Body Modeling of an Automotive Vehicle

In the automotive sector, the structure borne noise generated by the engine and road-tire interactions is a major source of noise inside the passenger cavity. In order to increase the global acoustic comfort, predictive simulation models must be available in the design phase. The acoustic trims have a major impact on the noise level inside the car cavity. Although several publications for this kind of simulations can be found, an extensive correlation study with measurement is needed, in order to validate the modeling approaches. In this article, a detailed correlation study for a complete car is performed. The acoustic trim package of the measured car includes all acoustic trims, such as carpet, headliner, seats and firewall covers. The simulation methodology relies on the influence of the acoustic trim package on the car structure and acoustic cavities. The challenge lies in the definition of an efficient and accurate framework for acoustic trimmed bodies.