A Study of Topology Optimization for Spot-Welding Locations in Automotive Body by Using Driving Simulation
An automotive body is made by joining over 500 components made from steel sheets. Since the joining locations for spot-welding are decided by the designer of each component, the number of spot-welding points tends to be either excessive or inadequate for the required automotive body stiffness. In this study, a topology method which is able to select effectively from design space was applied to optimization of spot-welding locations for vehicle stiffness performance by using a full vehicle model. Static stiffness using constraint of nodes cannot sufficiently express deformation during driving. Torsional deformation occurred in all parts of the body in the mode in which one point of the front bilateral suspension parts was forced and the other three points were constrained in the general static stiffness mode.