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Technical Paper

Effect of Liquid Break-Up Model Selection on Simulated Diesel Spray and Combustion Characteristics

Accurate modelling for spray vapour fields is critical to enable adequate predictions of spray ignition and combustion characteristics of non-premixed reacting diesel sprays. Spray vapour characteristics are in turn controlled by liquid atomization and the KH-RT liquid jet break-up model is regularly used to predict this: with the KH model used for predicting primary break-up given its definition as a surface wave growth model, and the RT model used for predicting secondary break-up due to it being a drag based, stripping model. This paper investigates how the alteration of the switching position of the KH and RT sub-models within the KH-RT model impacts the resulting vapour field and ignition characteristics. The combustion prediction is handled by the implementation of a 54 species, 269 reaction skeletal mechanism utilising a Well Stirred Reactor model within the Star-CD CFD code.
Technical Paper

Measurement of Soot Concentration in a Prototype Multi-Hole Diesel Injector by High-Speed Color Diffused Back Illumination Technique

A prototype multi-hole diesel injector operating with n-heptane fuel from a high-pressure common rail system is used in a high-pressure and high-temperature test rig capable of reaching 1100 Kelvin and 150 bar under different oxygen concentrations. A novel optical set-up capable of visualizing the soot cloud evolution in the fuel jet from 30 to 85 millimeters from the nozzle exit with the high-speed color diffused back illumination technique is used as a result of the insertion of a high-pressure window in the injector holder opposite to the frontal window of the vessel. The experiments performed in this work used one wavelength provide information about physical of the soot properties, experimental results variating the operational conditions show the reduction of soot formation with an increase in injection pressure, a reduction in ambient temperature, a reduction in oxygen concentration or a reduction in ambient density.