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Technical Paper

Arrangement and Control Method of Cooperative Vehicle Platoon

2021-04-06
2021-01-0113
With the development of cellular communication technology and for the sake of reducing drag resistance, the multi-lane platoon technology will be more prosperous in the future. In this article, the cooperative vehicle platoon method on the public road is represented. The method’s architecture is mainly composed of the following parts: decision-making, path planning and control command generation. The decision-making uses the finite state machine to make decision and judgment on the cooperative lane change of vehicles, and starts to execute the lane change step when the lane change requirements are met. In terms of path planning, with the goal of ensuring comfort, the continuity of the vehicle state and no collision between vehicles, a fifth-order polynomial is used to fit every vehicle trajectory. In terms of control command generation module, a model predictive control algorithm is used to solve the multi-vehicle centralized optimization control problem.
Technical Paper

Intelligent Deceleration Energy-Saving Control Strategy for Electric Vehicle

2021-04-06
2021-01-0123
In order to improve the vehicle economy of electric vehicles, this paper first analyzes the energy-saving mechanism of electric vehicles. Taking the energy consumption of the deceleration process as a starting point, this paper deeply analyzes the energy consumption of the deceleration process under several different control modes by the test data, so as to obtain two principles that should be followed in energy-saving control strategy. Then, an intelligent deceleration energy-saving control strategy by getting the forward vehicle information is developed. The overall architecture of the control strategy consists of three parts: information processing, target calculation and torque control. The first part is mainly to obtain the forward vehicle information from the perception systems, and the user's habits information from big data, and this information is processed for the next part.
Technical Paper

Research on Adaptive Cruise Control Strategy Considering the Disturbance of Preceding Vehicle and Multi-Objective Optimization

2021-04-06
2021-01-0338
Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) includes three modes: cruise control, car following control, and autonomous emergency braking. Among them, the car following control mode is mainly used to manage the speed and vehicle spacing approach the preceding vehicle within the range of smooth acceleration changes. In addition, although the motion information signal of the preceding vehicle can be collected by auxiliary equipment, it is still a random variable and normally regarded as a disturbance to affect the performance of vehicle controller. Therefore, this paper proposed an ACC strategy considering the disturbance of the preceding vehicle and multi-objective optimization.
Technical Paper

Temperature Compensation Control Strategy of Creep Mode for Hydraulic Hub-Motor Drive Vehicle

2020-06-09
2020-01-5059
Based on traditional heavy commercial vehicles, a hydraulic hub-motor drive vehicle (HHMDV) is equipped with a set of hydraulic hub-motor auxiliary system (HHMAS) to improve the traction performance and adaptability under complex conditions. In the case of low-speed operation or mechanical transmission failure, the creep mode (CM) can be used to drive the vehicle. Aiming at a common hydraulic system problem that flow loss increases due to temperature variation, a temperature compensation control strategy of the CM is proposed in this paper. By analyzing the speed regulation characteristics of the closed loop of the system in the CM, combined with the efficiency of the hydraulic variable pump (HP) and the hydraulic quantitative motor (HM), and aiming at adjusting the engine work in the optimal curve of the engine, the temperature compensation factor is introduced to control the HP displacement with hydraulic stepless speed regulation.
Technical Paper

Simulation of Curved Road Collision Prevention Warning System of Automobile Based on V2X

2020-04-14
2020-01-0707
The high popularity of automobiles has led to frequent collisions. According to the latest statistics of the United Nations, about 1.25 million people worldwide die from road traffic accidents each year. In order to improve the safety of vehicles in driving, the active safety system has become a research hotspot of various car companies and research institutions around the world. Among them, the more mature and popular active security system are Forward Collision Warning(FCW) and Autonomous Emergency Braking(AEB). However, the current active safety system is based on traditional sensors such as radar and camera. Therefore, the system itself has many limitations due to the shortage of traditional sensors. Compared to traditional sensors, Vehicle to Everything (V2X) technology has the advantages of richer vehicle parameter information, no perceived blind spots, dynamic prediction of dangerous vehicle status, and no occlusion restriction.
Technical Paper

Trajectory Planning and Tracking for Four-Wheel-Steering Autonomous Vehicle with V2V Communication

2020-04-14
2020-01-0114
Lane-changing is a typical traffic scene effecting on road traffic with high request for reliability, robustness and driving comfort to improve the road safety and transportation efficiency. The development of connected autonomous vehicles with V2V communication provide more advanced control strategies to research of lane-changing. Meanwhile, four-wheel steering is an effective way to improve flexibility of vehicle. The front and rear wheels rotate in opposite direction to reduce the turning radius to improve the servo agility operation at the low speed while those rotate in same direction to reduce the probability of the slip accident to improve the stability at the high speed. Hence, this paper established Four-Wheel-Steering(4WS) vehicle dynamic model and quasi real lane-changing scenes to analyze the motion constraints of the vehicles.
Technical Paper

Cooperative Estimation of Road Grade Based on Multidata Fusion for Vehicle Platoon with Optimal Energy Consumption

2020-04-14
2020-01-0586
The platooning of connected automated vehicles (CAV) possesses the significant potential of reducing energy consumption in the Intelligent Transportation System (ITS). Moreover, with the rapid development of eco-driving technology, vehicle platooning can further enhance the fuel efficiency by optimizing the efficiency of the powertrain. Since road grade is a main factor that affects the energy consumption of a vehicle, the estimation of the road grade with high accuracy is the key factor for a connected vehicle platoon to optimize energy consumption using vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication. Commonly, the road grade is quantified by single consumer grade global positioning system (GPS) with the geodetic height data which is rough and in the meter-level, increasing the difficulty of precisely estimating the road grade.
Technical Paper

Control Synthesis for Distributed Vehicle Platoon Under Different Topological Communication Structures

2019-04-02
2019-01-0494
The wireless inter-vehicle communication provide a manner to achieve multi-vehicle cooperative driving, and the platoon of automotive vehicle can significantly improve traffic efficiency and ensure traffic safety. Previous researches mostly focus on the state of the proceeding vehicle, and transmit information from self to the succeeding vehicle. Nevertheless, this structure possesses high requirements for controller design and shows poor effect in system stability. In this paper, the state of vehicles is not only related to the information of neighbor vehicles, while V2V communication transmit information over a wide range of area. To begin with, the node dynamic model of vehicle is described by linear integrator with inertia delay and the space control strategy is proposed with different topological communication structures as BF, LBF, PBF, etc.
Journal Article

Research on Multi-Vehicle Coordinated Lane Change of Connected and Automated Vehicles on the Highway

2019-04-02
2019-01-0678
With the rapid development of modern economy and society, traffic congestion has become an increasingly serious problem. Vehicle cooperative driving can alleviate traffic congestion and improve road traffic capacity. Compare with vehicle separate control, cooperative driving combines various vehicle systems, and highly integrates information on obstacle location, vehicle status and driving intention. Then the controller uniformly issues instructions to ensure the orderly driving of the platoon. In the cooperative driving platoon, the displacement difference and the speed difference between vehicles have a certain relationship, which reduces the possibility of traffic accidents and then improves the safety of driving. In the process of cooperative driving, if there are multiple vehicles whose speeds don’t meet the current lane requirements, or if there are obstacles ahead, multi-vehicle lane change measures must be taken.
Technical Paper

Overtaking or Merging? Eco-Routing Decision and Speed Trajectory with Full Terrain Information

2018-04-03
2018-01-0038
With vehicle platooning becoming an important research field in recent years, it is now imperative to introduce platoons as part of the dynamic environment, considering overtaking and merging possibilities. This article studies optimal speed trajectories and longitudinal control with optimized energy efficiency for an autonomous vehicle with several preceding platoons and full terrain information. It aims at improving the energy efficiency of vehicles with Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS). A forward discrete dynamic programming (DDP) algorithm with distance as the discretization basis is used to derive speed trajectories in the trade-off between air drag reduction and energy saved by utilizing the road slope information. The problem is decomposed into decisions whether to overtake or to merge into the nearest platoon with the assumption of sufficient distance among platoons.
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