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Journal Article

An Experimental Study of Turbocharged Hydrogen Fuelled Internal Combustion Engine

Hydrogen is considered as one of the potential alternate fuel and when compared to other alternate fuels like CNG, LPG, Ethanol etc., it has unique properties due to absence of carbon. In the current work, Hydrogen engine of 2.5 L, four cylinder, spark ignited Turbocharged-Intercooled engine is developed for Mini Bus application. Multi-point fuel injection system is used for injecting the hydrogen in the intake manifold. Initially, boost simulation is performed to select the optimum compression ratio and turbocharger. The literature review has shown that in-order to get the minimum NOx emissions Hydrogen engines must be operated between equivalence ratios ranging from 0.5 to 0.6. In the present study, full throttle performance is conducted mainly with the above equivalence ratio range with minimum advance for Maximum Brake Torque (MBT) ignition timing. At each operating point, the performance, emissions and combustion parameters are recorded and analyzed in detail.
Technical Paper

Effects of Governing Parameters on the Performance and Emissions of Hydrogen Engine for Automotive Application

This report describes work performed jointly by Mahindra & Mahindra and IIT Delhi, including both simulations and single-cylinder engine development for three wheeler application, to quantify the effects of various parameters on the performance and NOx emission of an internal combustion engine fuelled by hydrogen. AVL Boost software was used to simulate the experimental conditions, by using Vibe 2-Zone combustion and Woschni heat models, together with kinetic equations for emission calculations. Developed AVL Boost Model was validated against the test result from a modified single cylinder CNG engine for three wheeler application fuelled with Hydrogen by comparing the performance and NOx emission at the same operating conditions. A good agreement was obtained between the results of the Boost Model and Experimental results.
Technical Paper

DelHy 3W - Hydrogen Fuelled Hy-Alfa Three Wheeler

The main objective of the project is to develop the hydrogen-fuelled vehicles for transport application. Exhaustive lab tests on engine & vehicle was done to access the hydrogen (H₂) behavior at varying operating conditions. Fifteen such hydrogen-fuelled vehicles were developed by Mahindra with integration of the optimized engine, fuel storage system, fuelling system and safety features to demonstrate these hydrogen vehicles. These vehicles are refueled at a dedicated hydrogen-refueling facility. Detailed calibration was done with hydrogen for meeting the performance and emissions characteristics of the engine. In this experimental investigation Electronic Control Unit (ECU)-based timed manifold injection system was developed. Hydrogen is injected before the intake manifold and the quantity of hydrogen injection is depending on the load, speed and operating conditions.