Evaluation of the Multiple Reference Frame (MRF) Model in a Truck Fan Simulation
A multiple reference frame (MRF) model was developed by Gosman  for the prediction of flow fields induced by impellers in mixing vessels. The simulation results using this approach agree with the test data reasonably well if certain conditions exist. Many CFD engineers have adopted this approach to simulate the fan performance for automotive powertrain cooling simulations . This paper describes the authors' experience using the MRF model in truck fan simulations. For the fan performance studies with a plate shroud, CFD simulation results with different sizes of rotating zones were compared with the test data. Very good agreement between the CFD simulation and the test data with plate shroud can be achieved if a properly sized rotating zone is selected. For the fan performance studies with a real shroud, a simple piece of plywood was used to mimic the engine blockage and the MRF model with one fixed-size rotation zone was used for the CFD simulation.