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Technical Paper

Development Program for a Zero-G Whole Body Shower

In 1985, the Man-Systems Division at the Johnson Space Center initiated a program for the development of a whole body shower suitable for operation in a microgravity environment. Supporting this development effort has been a systematic research program focused on four critical aspects of the design (i.e., human factors engineering, biomedical, mechanical, and electrical) and on the interfaces between the whole body shower system and the other systems to be aboard the Space Station (e.g., the water reclamation and air revitalization systems). A series of tests has been conducted to help define the design requirements for the whole body shower. Crew interface research has identified major design parameters related to enclosure configurations, consumable quantities, operation timelines, displays and controls, and shower and cleanup protocols.
Technical Paper

Test Results of a Shower Water Recovery System

A shower test was conducted recently at NASA-JSC in which waste water was reclaimed and reused. Test subjects showered in a prototype whole body shower following a protocol similar to that anticipated for Space Station. The waste water was purified using reverse osmosis followed by filtration through activated carbon and ion exchange resin beds. The reclaimed waste water was maintained free of microorganisms by using both heat and iodine. This paper discusses the test results, including the limited effectiveness of using iodine as a disinfectant and the evaluation of a Space Station candidate soap for showering. In addition, results are presented on chemical and microbial impurity content of water samples obtained from various locations in the water recovery process.