Intake O2 Concentration Estimation in a Turbocharged Diesel Engine through NOE
Diesel engines with their embedded control systems are becoming increasingly complex as the emission regulations tighten, especially concerning NOx pollutants. The combustion and emission formation processes are closely correlated to the intake manifold O2 concentration. Consequently, the performance of the engine controllers can be improved if a model-based or sensor-based estimation of the O2 concentration is available. The paper addresses the modeling of the O2 concentration in a turbocharged diesel engine. Dynamic models, compared to generally employed steady state maps, capture the dynamic effects occurring over transients, when the major deviations from the stationary maps are found. Dynamic models positively affect the control system making it more effective and, exploiting information coming from sensors, they provide a more robust prediction performance. Firstly, a Nonlinear Output Error model (NOE), with simulation focus, fed with four inputs is presented.