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Technical Paper

Optimization and Experimental Analysis of AZ91E Hybrid Nanocomposite by Drilling Operation

The usage of AZ91E series magnesium alloy material increases in the field of automobile, aerospace and structural applications because of its enhanced mechanical properties, light weight and good machinability characteristics. The present investigation is to optimize the drilling process parameters of magnesium alloy (AZ91E) hybrid nano composite consisting of chopped basalt fiber (9wt%) and SiCp (7.5wt%) fabricated by vacuum stirring technique. AZ91E hybrid nano composite is drilled by M-Tab vertical machining centre equipped with CNC under dry state (without coolant). The dry state drilling operation was performed by HSS tool with varied input parameters like drill diameter (6mm, 8mm, 10mm and 12mm), spindle speed (200rpm, 300rpm 400rpm 500rpm), feed rate (5mm/min, 10mm/min, 15 mm/min, 20 mm/min) with constant depth of cut (15mm).
Technical Paper

Investigation of Setting Input Process Parameters for Getting Better Product Quality in Machining of AM60 Magnesium Alloy - TOPSIS and ANOVA Approach

This investigation shows the improvement of Machining parameters on AM-60 Mg alloy made with the help of Gravity Die Casting and with reactions upheld symmetrical cluster with “Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution” (TOPSIS). Which Focuses on the streamlining of Machining parameters utilizing the system to get least surface Roughness (Ra), Minimum Tool Wear, minimum Cutting Time, Power Requirement and Torque and Maximize MRR. A good amount of Machining tests was directed in view of the L9 Orthogonal array on CNC machine. The trials were performed on AM60 utilizing cutting device of grade-ISO 460.1-1140-034A0-XM GC3 of 12,16 and 25 mm width with cutting point of 140 degrees, all throughout the test work under various cutting conditions. TOPSIS and ANOVA were utilized to work out the major vital parameters like Cutting speed, feed rate, Depth of Cut and Tool Diameter which influence the Response. The normal qualities and estimated esteems are genuinely close.
Technical Paper

Multi Characteristics Optimization of Treated Drill Tool in Drilling Operation Key Process Parameter Using TOPSIS and ANOVA Technique

To survive in the present global competitive world, the manufacturing sectors have been making use of various tools to achieve the high quality products at a comparatively cheaper price. Appropriate cutting set up must be used to further better the machinability of a work piece material. A longer life of the tools and equipment’s are important factors in any industry. Since the inception of the machine tool industry, cutting tool life and tool wear remain a subject of deep interest to study its failure and improvement. The present study finds out the optimum cutting results in drilling of AM60 magnesium alloy using different cryogenically treated cutting inserts. The Utility concept coupled with Taguchi with Multi response approach (TOPSIS) was employed. According to Analysis of variance (ANOVA) results, the feed was the major dominating factor followed by the cutting speed.
Technical Paper

Development and Influence of Setting Process Variables in Single Point Incremental Sheet Metal Forming of AA 8011 Using Complex Proportional Assessment and ANOVA

Single point Incremental forming (SPIF) is a metal forming process that has achieved impeccable quality since the early 1990s. ISF is a very limited twisting process in which an improved device that must be used after a particular direction travels on a metal sheet to form the desired shape. Process parameters such as axial feed (mm), feed (mm / min), tool diameter (mm) and depth (mm) at the interface between samples during SPIF greatly affect the quality of the cone. Maximum thinning (mm), cone height (mm), wall angle (mm), formation time (minutes), etc. The purpose of this study was to study these parameters by improving the cone mass formed by VMC. For a detailed study of these parameters, experiments were performed using the orthogonal array L9. Output parameters such as mechanical quality effects were analysed using COPRAS (Complex Proportional Assessment of alternatives) and ANOVA.
Technical Paper

Corrosion and Corrosive Wear of Steel for Automotive Exhaust Application

In the current scenario, durable exhaust system design, development and manufacturing are mandatory for the vehicle to be competitive and challenging in the automotive market. Material selection for the exhaust system plays a major role due to the increased warranty requirements and regulatory compliances. The materials used in the automotive exhaust application are cast iron, stainless steel, mild steel. The materials of the exhaust systems should be heat resistant, wear and corrosion resistant. Stainless steel is the most commonly used material in the automotive exhaust system. Due to increasing cost of nickel and some other alloying elements, there is a need to replace the stainless steel with EN 8 steel. Recent trends are towards light weight concepts, cost reduction and better performance. In order to reduce the cost and to achieve better wear and corrosion resistance, the surface of the EN 8 steel is modified with coatings.
Technical Paper

Tensile and Fatigue Behavior of Shallow Cryogenically Treated EN19 Alloy Steel

Tensile and axial fatigue tests were conducted on shallow cryogenically treated EN19 medium carbon alloy steel to investigate its mechanical behavior. The test samples were conventionally heat treated then oil quenched at room temperature. Followed by the samples were kept for shallow cryogenic treatment to -80°C for 8 hours using liquid nitrogen. Then the samples were tempered in a muffle furnace to relieve the induced residual stresses. Tensile and axial fatigue test were carried out on both treated and non-treated samples to measure its tensile strength and fatigue behavior respectively. Microscopic examination also had done to compare the effect of shallow cryogenic treatment on its microstructure. The results exposed that there is an increase in the tensile strength and reduction in fatigue life of shallow cryogenically treated samples over base metal and improved wear resistance.
Technical Paper

Informatics Based Design of Bio-Lubricant with Nano Friction Modifiers and Evaluation of Its Tribological Properties

Statistical and computational intelligence techniques were employed for informatics based design of nano friction modifiers added bio-lubricant. Systematic data were generated through laboratory experiments, using design of experiment, to study the effect of addition of multi-wall carbon nanotubes as friction modifiers in castor oil on frictional properties. The experimental data were used to develop data driven models using statistical techniques, artificial neural network and fuzzy inference systems. The simulation studies which were based on the model predictions were used to design the nano-lubricant with multi-walled carbon nanotubes as the friction modifiers. The optimum combination of nanotube concentration and load, found from the model predictions, were experimentally validated.
Technical Paper

Sliding Wear and Friction Studies of Disc/ Pad Materials

Brake disc provides friction force with minimum weight loss on application of brake. The pad material only experiences more wear and friction. Disc and pad materials are selected to give a stable and high coefficient of friction (0.25-0.40). COF is directly proportional to braking force generated and inversely proportional to the stopping distance. The aim of the study is to identify a new material for replacement of pad material in practice. In this study, wear, hardness and friction properties of E glass fiber with epoxy resin and cashew friction dust composite are studied and compared with brake pad material in practice. The hardness was measured using shore hardness tester. The wear and friction was measured using the pin on disc wear testing machine. The pad material was made as pin with cast iron as the disc material for wear studies. The wear studies were conducted for various load conditions and sliding velocities.