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Technical Paper

Creation of Image on Diesel Spray and Flame by Means of Rapid Compression Machine and D.I Diesel Engine

1983-02-01
830447
The continous series of images on diesel spray and flame were created through the studies by means of using Rapid Compression Machine and D.I engine based on our latest data. 1. The image of diesel spray were elucidated through the study of thermodynamical global evaporation phenomena and the measurement of instantaneous distribution maps of spray fuel concentration by the high speed photo image analysis method at non-evaporated, evaporated states of free spray under the diesel condition at RCM. 2. The image of diesel flame were also obtained at the instantaneous distribution maps of temperature, soot and concentration of combustion products in the flame by means of photo image analysis method and gas sampling method at free and wall impinging spray flame with RCM and D.I engine.
Technical Paper

A Photographic and Thermodynamic Study of Diesel Combustion in a Rapid Compression Machine

1981-02-01
810259
A diesel spray and flame in a quiescent atmosphere were realized without interference with combustion chamber walls in a newly constructed rapid compression machine. High speed shadow photography and pressure measurement were employed to obtain data for calculating the amount of air entrainment into the the flame and spray. From a comparison of air entrainment between the flame and spray, it turned out that when ignition delay becomes longer air entrainment into flames is promoted by the thermal expansion of multi-points ignition sources in the central region of the spray.
Technical Paper

Measurement of Flame Temperature Distribution in a D.I. Diesel Engine by Means of Image Analysis of Nega-Color Photographs

1981-02-01
810183
A new technique was proposed for measuring instantaneous distributions of flame temperature and KL factor of luminous flames. Here the principle of the two-color method was used to calculate flame temperature and KL factor from the two-color densities of a film image taken on a nega-color film. We applied this technique to the high speed nega-color photographs of flames in a D. I. diesel engine operated with varying swirl ratios, and discussed the measured results of instantaneous distributions of flame temperature and KL factors.
Technical Paper

A Gas Sampling Study on the Formation Processes of Soot and NO in a DI Diesel Engine

1980-02-01
800254
The concentrations of soot, NO and the other combustion products were measured by incylinder gas sampling in a DI diesel engine. The effects of injection timing, swirl ratio, and combustion chamber geometry on the formation and emission processes of soot and NO were studied. The following results were obtained: (1) Soot is promptly formed in the flame during the early combustion period where the equivalence ratio in the flame is high over 1.0. Thereafter almost all the formed soot is swiftly burnd up by oxidation during the middle combustion period. This process mainly determines the exhaust soot concentration. (2) NO is formed in the flame during the early and middle combustion period where the flame temperature is high over 2000 K. The highest NO concentration is observed at the flame tip swept by the air swirl. Though the concentration of the formed NO decreases by dilusion it nearly constant during the later combustion period.
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