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Technical Paper

Effects of Material Bending and Hardening on Static Dent Resistance

A standardized quasi-static dent test has been used in evaluating the dent resistance of automotive body panels for many years. In order to predict the onset of a visible dent, cyclic loading with small load increments was adopted into standard automotive test procedures. Although researchers have investigated the effects of sheet thickness, yield strength, strain aging and prestrain on the static dent resistance of sheet steel in the past, material bending and hardening effects on static dent resistance were assumed to be inconsequential, and were therefore largely ignored. In this study, the impacts of material bending and hardening on static dent resistance are investigated. A fixed load, single loading condition was carefully designed for different materials and incorporated into the quasi-static dent test. For comparison, the incremental quasi-static loading condition is also examined.