Effects of the Engine Cooling System Design on Fuel Consumption - a Numerical Assessment
One of the biggest challenges for mobility engineers today is the reduction of fuel consumption while keeping or even improving the automobiles propulsion system performance. A great part of the current powertrain components is developed to work at high engine loads and extreme environmental conditions, among which the engine cooling system, for example. As the overall vehicle efficiency depends directly on the thermal system design, it is important to make a careful investigation of the external ambient to develop this system on the best possible way, seeking to minimize the negative impacts at normal driving situations, which represents the most of the vehicle's life cycle. In this regard, the present paper reports a numerical study about the impacts of different cooling system hardware configurations on the fuel consumption of a turbocharged flex-fuel engine.