Development and Experimental Validation of a Control-Oriented Empirical Exhaust Gas Temperature Model
Modern turbo-charged downsized engines reach high values of specific power, causing a significant increase of the exhaust gas temperature. Such parameter plays a key role in the overall powertrain environmental impact because it strongly affects both the catalyst efficiency and the turbine durability. In fact, common techniques to properly manage the turbine inlet gas temperature are based on mixture enrichment, which causes both a steep increase in specific fuel consumption and a decrease of catalyst efficiency. At the test bench, exhaust gas temperature is typically measured using thermocouples that are not available for on-board application, and such information is processed to calibrate open-loop look-up-tables. A real-time, reliable, and accurate exhaust temperature model would then represent a strategic tool for improving the performance of the engine control system.