Effects of positive or negative dwell times of split injection on diesel spray development and mixture formation processes
An investigation on the effect of dwell time of split injection on a diesel spray evolution and mixture formation process was carried out. A commercial 7-hole injector were used in the experiment to eliminate the possible discrepancies on the spray with single-hole research injector. Laser absorption scattering (LAS) technique was implemented for the measurement of the temporal evolution of fuel evaporation and mixture concentration. The diesel surrogate fuel consists of n-tridecane and 2.5% of 1-methylnaphthalene in volume basis was used. The total amount of fuel injected was initially fixed to 5.0 mg/hole. A split ratio of 9: 1 in mass basis was selected according to the results obtained from a previous study. The dwell time was varied from 120 µs to a negative value of −50 µs. The effects of negative dwell time was not ideal for lean mixture formation when compared to zero or positive dwell time conditions.