Emissions Benefits of Group Hole Nozzle Injectors under Conventional Diesel Combustion Conditions
This work explores the effectiveness of common rail fuel injectors equipped with Grouped Hole Nozzles (GHNs) in aiding the mixing process and reducing particulate matter (PM) emissions of Conventional Diesel Combustion (CDC) engines, while maintaining manageable Oxides of Nitrogen (NOx) levels. Parallel (pGHN), converging (cGHN) and diverging (dGHN) - hole GHNs were studied and the results were compared to a conventional, single hole nozzle (SHN) with the same flow area. The study was conducted on a single cylinder medium-duty engine to isolate the effects of the combustion from multi-cylinder effects and the conditions were chosen to be representative of a typical mid-load operating point for an on-road diesel engine. The effects of injection pressure and the Start of Injection (SOI) timing were explored and the tradeoffs between these boundary conditions are examined by using a response surface fitting technique, to identify an optimum operating condition.