Nondestructive Evaluation of Spot Weld Integrity/Quality: Method Comparison
This paper benchmarks some methods of nondestructive testing for zero and high mileage spot weld quality/integrity and degradation evaluation (pin holes, voids, cracks, fatigue, corrosion, etc.). The methods include X-ray radiography, ultrasonic imaging, ultrasonic pulse/ echo, pulsed infrared or thermography, and laser/TV holographic interferometry imaging. The advantages and limitations of each method are provided with descriptive principles and real test examples. It is found that X-ray radiography combined with ultrasonic echo technique is the most favorable one considering time and cost for the current zero and high mileage spot weld evaluation.