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Technical Paper

Nondestructive Evaluation of Spot Weld Integrity/Quality: Method Comparison

1999-03-01
1999-01-0944
This paper benchmarks some methods of nondestructive testing for zero and high mileage spot weld quality/integrity and degradation evaluation (pin holes, voids, cracks, fatigue, corrosion, etc.). The methods include X-ray radiography, ultrasonic imaging, ultrasonic pulse/ echo, pulsed infrared or thermography, and laser/TV holographic interferometry imaging. The advantages and limitations of each method are provided with descriptive principles and real test examples. It is found that X-ray radiography combined with ultrasonic echo technique is the most favorable one considering time and cost for the current zero and high mileage spot weld evaluation.
Technical Paper

Statistical Analysis of Vehicle High Mileage NVH Performance

1997-05-20
971912
High mileage NVH performance is one of the major concerns in vehicle design for long term customer satisfaction. The current paper is concerned with performance analysis of high mileage vehicles which cover four automobile manufacturers and five vehicle families of the same weight class based on subjective evaluation data. The analysis includes the assessment of five vehicle families from the following aspects: overall and NVH performances, performance by individual attribute, degradation history of each vehicle family, performance variation within each vehicle family. Since the data are statistical in nature, statistical methods are employed, numerically and graphically, in the analysis. The performance categories which exhibit most degradation are identified. The analysis method presented in this paper is applicable to any high mileage vehicle fleet subjective data. The knowledge derived in the study can be used as a guideline in designing vehicles for high mileage NVH robustness.
Technical Paper

The Application of CAE Based Robustness Methodology to Vehicle High Mileage NVH Degradation

1996-02-01
960733
High mileage NVH performance is one of the major concerns in vehicle design for long term customer satisfaction. Elastomeric components such as suspension bushings function as vibration isolators in a vehicle. High mileage driving tends to cause the degradation of these components which in turn results in the degradation of vehicle overall NVH performance. The present paper presents the application of CAE based robustness methodology to vehicle high mileage degradation with respect to bushing degradation. A unitized vehicle with suspension strut mounts is selected as the project vehicle. Strut mount degradation characteristics, vehicle CAE model and design of experiment are linked together to achieve vehicle response robustness. The concept and methodology arc demonstrated using a tire input which simulates road excitations as a first step toward the development of a more extensive robustness methodology which will cover other excitation conditions.
Technical Paper

The Effects of Bushing Degradation on Vehicle High Mileage NVH Performance

1996-02-01
960732
High mileage NVH performance is one of the major concerns in vehicle design for long term customer satisfaction. Elastomeric components such as suspension bushings, engine mounts and tires function as vibration isolators in a vehicle. High mileage tends to cause the degradation of these components which in turn affects vehicle overall NVH performance. The present paper discusses the characteristics of bushing degradation based on laboratory bushing test data. Vehicle subjective evaluation and CAE modeling methods are used to develop a fundamental understanding of the effects of bushing degradation on vehicle NVH performance. The concept and analysis methodology are demonstrated using the front and rear suspension strut mounts and tire inputs which simulate road excitations but they are valid for other elastomeric components such as engine mounts and excitations. The knowledge derived in the study can be used as a generic guideline in designing vehicles for high mileage NVH robustness.
Technical Paper

A Time-Domain Fatigue Life Prediction Method for Vehicle Body Structures

1996-02-01
960567
Fatigue analysis using finite element models of a full vehicle body structure subjected to proving ground durability loads is a very complex task. The current paper presents an analytical procedure for fatigue life predictions of full body structures based on a time-domain approach. The paper addresses those situations where this kind of analysis is necessary. It also discusses the major factors (e.g., stress equivalencing procedure, cycle counting method, event lumping and load interactions) which affect fatigue life predictions in the procedure. A comparison study is conducted which explores the combination of these factors favorable for realistic fatigue life prediction. The concepts are demonstrated using a body system model of production size.
Technical Paper

Vehicle Body Structure Durability Analysis

1995-04-01
951096
Due to several indeterminate factors, the assessment of the durability performance of a vehicle body is traditionally accomplished using test methods. An analytical fatigue life prediction method (four-step durability process) that relies mainly on numerical techniques is described in this paper. The four steps comprising this process include the identification of high stress regions, recognizing the critical load types, determining the critical road events and calculation of fatigue life. In addition to utilizing a general purpose finite element analysis software for the application of the Inertia Relief technique and a previously developed fatigue analysis program, two customized programs have been developed to streamline the process into an integrated, user-friendly tool. The process is demonstrated using a full body, finite element model.
Technical Paper

A New Tire Model for Vehicle NVH Analysis

1987-02-01
870424
Since road roughness is an important source of vehicle vibration, a system model for NVH analysis requires a tire model which accurately predicts spindle response to road input. Most tire models currently used in the auto industry do not meet this requirement, because they are based on static stiffness of the tire and do not produce realistic response to input at the patch. This paper investigates a new modal tire model with patch input capability as a component within a vehicle system model. Comparisons are also presented between the behavior of the new tire model and a conventional spring model. To validate the performance of the tire model for NVH analysis, simulated vehicle responses to bump input are compared to chassis roll test results. Good correlation between the model prediction and the chassis roll measurements is observed.
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