Summarizing the Influence of Vehicular Parameters on Fuel Consumption and CO2 Emission
Fuel consumption and CO₂ emission are important drivers of automotive industry product evolution. In Europe, the manufacturers have the compromise to reduce their fleet consumption steadily and, in Brazil, a still voluntary but growing labeling program makes the vehicular energetic efficiency one of the main concerns during the concept phase. Although powertrain efficiency plays a decisive role, also vehicular parameters such as weight, aerodynamic, tires rolling resistance and electrical and mechanical loads have an important influence on fuel consumption and CO₂ emissions. The cost-benefit analysis of the modifications in these parameters needs to be performed in the early project stages, where prototypes are still not available.