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Technical Paper

Study of Drill Tool Geometry in High Speed Drilling of Aluminum Sheet Metal

The present scenario of increasing the production rates in drilling demands high speed drilling while at the same time maintaining the quality of the drilled holes. Of the many factors that affect the high-speed drilling process, such as speed, feed rate, material of drill and work piece, and drill geometry this study attempts only to study the effect of drill geometry in high-speed drilling of aluminum sheet metal. In the Experiments conducted, different speeds, feed rates and drill bits of varying geometry are utilized in order to study their effects on hole quality as it relates to hole diameter and burr formation. Also the variation of thrust and torque with increase in speed over a speed range of 6,000 to 30,000 rpm has been studied.
Technical Paper

The Post-Stall Effect of Gurney Flaps on a NACA-0011 Airfoil

The effect of Gurney flaps on a NACA 0011 airfoil was investigated. Gurney flaps provide a substantial increase in lift while the penalty in drag is small. With the Gurney flap, the airfoil pressure distribution shows increased suction on the upper surface and higher pressure on the lower surface compared to the clean airfoil. This change in pressure is most profound on the lower surface just in front of the Gurney flap. Since separation occurs on the upper surface upon stall, this higher pressure condition on the lower surface continues into the post-stall regime. Thus, the NACA 0011 airfoil with Gurney flaps generates lift coefficients greater than one even under post-stall conditions.
Technical Paper

Novel and Inexpensive Method of Performing Dynamic Wind Tunnel Model Testing

An investigation was performed to evaluate a novel and inexpensive wind tunnel model mount for dynamic aerodynamic testing. A computer analysis code was developed to identify the dimensions of the control surface needed to produce a desired pitching motion for a delta wing. The code was then used to design and build a dynamic model apparatus that was evaluated in a low speed wind tunnel at Wichita State University. The dynamic model mount and control were evaluated for a variety of motions, including constant pitch rate ramps, constant frequency oscillations and impulse or step inputs. Results from the ramp and oscillation test indicated the system is very responsive and capable of a wide range of motion.
Technical Paper

Exploratory Applications of New Aerodynamic Control Devices

A new class of aerodynamic control devices have recently been designed specifically for wind turbine applications. These new controls were tested to evaluate their effectiveness in modulating wind turbine power output and for slowing or stopping a wind turbine in high wind or loss of generator situations. While these control devices were developed specifically for wind turbine applications, there exists the possibility that alternate aviation uses exist. In particular, these trailing-edge control devices were evaluated for reducing aircraft landing distances, generating rapid rates of descent, deep stall or spin recovery and for high angle of attack control.
Technical Paper

Application of Artificial Neural Networks in Nonlinear Aerodynamics and Aircraft Design

The architecture and training of artificial neural networks are briefly described. Five applications of these networks to design and analysis problems are presented; three in aerodynamics and two in flight dynamics. The aerodynamics cases are those of a harmonically oscillating airfoil, a pitching delta wing, and airfoil design. The flight dynamic examples involve control of a super maneuver and a decoupled control case. It is demonstrated that highly nonlinear aerodynamic cases can be generalized with sufficient accuracy for design purposes. It is shown that although neural networks generalize well on the aerodynamic problems, they appear lacking comparable robustness in modeling dynamic systems. It is also shown that generalization appears to become weak outside of the training domain.
Technical Paper

An Experimental Investigation of Forward-Swept Wings at Low Reynolds Numbers

The aerodynamic properties of a forward-swept wing were tested at low Reynolds numbers. The investigation was performed in a low-speed wind tunnel using a reflection plane model. Tunnel balance, model pressure taps, and flow visualization results were utilized to characterize the wing behavior over a range of Reynolds numbers from 0.25 × 106 - 0.75 × 106. In addition, the experimental data is compared to results obtained using a recently developed computer program known as WING3D. This modified Non-Planar Vortex Lattice Method program can calculate total wing lift and surface pressure distributions. The forward-swept wing has good aerodynamic qualities; in addition, the flow, on the outboard sections of the wing, remains attached beyond stall. The comparison of WING3D and experimental surface pressure distributions is good.