Development of Fuel Sloshing Evaluation Technique upon Crash Using Fluid-Structure Interaction Simulation
In the development of fuel tank systems, it is important to maintain fuel system integrity even if a car accident occurs. When a fuel tank undergoes a sudden change in velocity, the fuel starts to move and deforms the tank walls and baffle plates, and then the deformation changes the flow pattern of fuel. Because interaction of fuel with tank components is the main cause of fuel spillage upon crash, it is important to predict complex fluid-structure interaction responses at an early stage of crash safety development with a multiphysics simulation. Development of the multiphysics simulation technique was conducted stepwise by examining “fluid motion” and “tank deformation.” First, a sled test of a rigid-wall tank with observation window was conducted to evaluate the fluid motion inside the tank. A numerical model was developed based on an ALE (Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian) algorithm for the fluid and a Lagrangian algorithm for the structure.