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Standard

Aircraft Ground Support Equipment - Wind Stability Determination

2019-08-02
WIP
ARP1328D
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) is intended to recommend: a. uniform criteria for determination of wind loads that aircraft ground support equipment can encounter and yet allow personnel to work safely, b. uniform systems for maintaining stability (i.e., stabilizers, outriggers, spring lockout devices), c. standardization of specific types of interlock systems and actuation systems, d. a standard formula with its associated design criteria for calculating the steady-state wind stability (i.e., tip point) for aircraft ground support equipment, e. a standard method for testing these systems.
Standard

Ground Equipment - 400 Hertz Ground Power Performance Requirements

2018-12-17
CURRENT
ARP5015B
This SAE aerospace recommended practice (ARP) covers the requirements for external ground power equipment supplying 115/200 V, three-phase, 400 HZ output power measured at the aircraft receptacle. All forms of 400 Hz ground power including mobile and fixed systems are addressed by this document.
Standard

Aircraft Tow Bar

2018-09-18
WIP
ARP1915F
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) specifies dimensional and physical requirements of tow bar connections to tractor and aircraft (see Figure 1). It is applicable to all types of commercial transport category aircraft tow bar. The purpose of this SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) is to standardize tow bar attachments to airplane and tractor according to the mass category of the towed aircraft, so that one tow bar head with different shear levels can be used for all aircraft that are within the same mass category and are manufactured in compliance with AS1614 or ISO 8267.
Standard

Impulse Towing Loads

2018-06-03
CURRENT
AIR6906
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) provides information about impulse loads that occur during normal aircraft towing operations. An instrumented tow bar was used to characterize towing loads. Suggestions to minimize impulse loads by reducing the tow bar to tow vehicle gap are described.
Standard

Nose Gear Towbarless Tow Vehicle Basic Test Requirements

2017-12-18
CURRENT
ARP5283B
The purpose of this specification is to provide airplane operators and tow vehicle manufacturers with: a General design and operating requirements pertinent to test and evaluation of towbarless tow vehicles. Specific design requirements are provided in ARP4852 and ARP4853. b Test and evaluation requirements. The results of these test evaluations will determine if the loads induced by the tow vehicle will exceed the design loads of the nose gear, or are within the aircraft manufacturer’s limits so that they do not affect the certified safe limit of the nose gear. The results of these test evaluations will also determine if a stability problem may occur during pushback and/or maintenance towing operations with the tested airplane/tow vehicle combination. This document specifies general test requirements and a test evaluation procedure for towbarless tow vehicles (TLTV) intended for pushback and maintenance towing only.
Standard

Aircraft Ground Support Equipment - Wind Stability Determination

2017-05-04
CURRENT
ARP1328C
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) is intended to recommend: a uniform criteria for determination of wind loads that aircraft ground support equipment can encounter and yet allow personnel to work safely, b uniform systems for maintaining stability (i.e., stabilizers, outriggers, spring lockout devices), c standardization of specific types of interlock systems and actuation systems, d a standard formula with its associated design criteria for calculating the steady-state wind stability (i.e., tip point) for aircraft ground support equipment, e a standard method for testing these systems.
Standard

Aircraft Maintenance Jacks - General Requirements

2017-01-10
CURRENT
AS4775B
This document covers the general requirements for hydraulic aircraft jacks. It can be applied to tripod, unipod, and axle jacks that may be used on open ramp areas as well as in the aircraft hangar. Throughout this Aerospace Standard, the minimum essential criteria are identified by the key word “shall”. Recommended criteria are identified by use of the key word “should”. Deviation from recommended criteria should only occur after careful consideration and thorough service evaluation have shown alternate methods to provide an equivalent level of safety. The term “vertical load” throughout this Aerospace Standard is defined as the force imposed on the aircraft jack at the airframe jack point.
Standard

Aircraft Damage Caused by Ground Support Equipment

2016-06-06
CURRENT
AIR1589B
Only those incidents where a piece of ground support equipment directly associated with the "turnaround" servicing of an aircraft was involved are reviewed. Specifically excluded are those incidents that occurred during heavy maintenance, overhaul activity, or aircraft taxiing.
Standard

Aircraft Tow Bar

2016-05-06
CURRENT
ARP1915E
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) specifies dimensional and physical requirements of tow bar connections to tractor and aircraft (see Figure 1). It is applicable to all types of commercial transport category aircraft tow bar. The purpose of this SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) is to standardize tow bar attachments to airplane and tractor according to the mass category of the towed aircraft, so that one tow bar head with different shear levels can be used for all aircraft that are within the same mass category and are manufactured in compliance with AS1614 or ISO 8267.
Standard

Wheel Chocks

2016-05-06
CURRENT
AIR4905A
The purpose of this document is to present general considerations for the design and use of aircraft wheel chocks. The design and use of aircraft wheel chocks is a good deal more complicated than it may appear at first glance.
Standard

Main Line Aircraft Tow Bar Attach Fitting Interface

2016-01-02
CURRENT
AS1614D
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) specifies the interface requirements for tow bar attachment fittings on the nose gear (when towing operations are performed from the nose gear) of conventional tricycle type landing gears of commercial civil transport aircraft with a maximum ramp weight higher than 50,000 kg (110,000 pounds), commonly designated as “main line aircraft”. Its purpose is to achieve tow bar attachment fittings interface standardization by aircraft weight category (which determines tow bar forces) in order to ensure that one single type of tow bar with a standard connection can be used for all aircraft types within or near that weight category, so as to assist operators and airport handling companies in reducing the number of different tow bar types used.
Standard

Interface Protection - Ground Equipment to Aircraft

2014-10-06
CURRENT
ARP1558
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) discusses damage to aircraft fuselages caused by ground equipment contact at servicing and recommends methods to be incorporated or considered in ground equipment design for protection against that damage.
Standard

Aircraft Jacking Pads Adapters and Sockets Design and Installation of

2014-06-24
CURRENT
AS8091A
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) provides requirements for design and installation of aircraft jacking pad adapters and the mating jack socket interface to permit use of standard jacking equipment to be used in civil and military transport aircraft. The adapter defined herein shall be the key interface between the aircraft and the aircraft jack(s).
Standard

Design Factors - Handicapped Passenger Boarding Devices

2014-03-11
CURRENT
AIR4652A
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) covers handicapped passenger boarding devices used airside to transfer handicapped passengers between the terminal building and the aircraft. It provides an elevating platform to facilitate access to the aircraft; it does not cover devices for in-terminal or streetside transfers, wheelchairs for on-board aircraft or in-terminal usage, or aircraft boarding bridges. However, it should be recognized that for many handicapped passengers, a boarding chair is necessary for the lifting operation and movement to the passenger's seat inside the aircraft cabin. Such wheelchairs are widely used in larger aircraft, and the Federal Aviation Agency has developed a performance specification for a boarding chair for commuter aircraft.
Standard

Chassis Mounted Lifts Used to Board Airline Passengers With Mobility Impairments

2014-03-11
CURRENT
ARP5141A
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) is intended to recommend a minimum standard, for the design and manufacturer of a self-propelled, chassis mounted passenger boarding vehicle. The vehicle will permit safe operation while minimizing aircraft damage and personnel safety hazards associated with commercial aircraft boarding operations. The vehicle described is intended to be used for assisting wheelchair passengers and passengers with disabilities on and off aircraft with door sill heights of 60 in (152.4 cm) and above.
Standard

Cushion Tow Hitches Test

2012-12-05
CURRENT
AIR1353C
The main purpose of this test was to determine the application advantages of cushion tow hitches in comparison to the commonly used rigid tow hitch type fitted on heavy aircraft towing tractors. As diverse opinions emerged about its suitability since the introduction on the market of this new tow hitch type, it was intended to physically measure and evaluate the damping capability of this cushioned tow link when applied in practice.
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