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Standard

Performance Standards for Oblique Facing Passenger Seats in Transport Aircraft

2019-08-23
WIP
ARP6316A
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) documents a common understanding of terms, compliance issues, and occupant injury criteria to facilitate the design and certification of oblique facing passenger seat installations specific to Part 25 aircraft. The applicability of the criteria listed in this current release is limited to seats with an occupant facing direction greater than 18 and no greater than 30 degrees relative to the aircraft longitudinal axis. Later revisions are intended to provide criteria for other facing directions. Performance criteria for side facing seats installed with the occupant facing direction at 90 degrees relative to the aircraft longitudinal axis are provided in AS8049/1. Seats installed at angles greater than 30 degrees relative to the aircraft longitudinal axis must have an energy absorbing rest or shoulder harness. However, this document does not provide the criteria for oblique facing seats incorporating such rests.
Standard

Gaining Approval for Seats with Integrated Electronics in Accordance with AC21-49 Option 7b

2019-08-07
CURRENT
AIR6448A
The primary purpose of this document is to provide roles, responsibilities and accountabilities to meet AC 21-49 Section 7.b ‘Type Certification using TSO-approved seat with electronic components defined in TSO design’. This document may be applied to all applicable seat TSOs (C39(), C127()…etc). The approval for the integration of the electronics will fall, in part or in full, under the type design authority of the Seat Installer rather than the Seat Supplier shipping the integrated seat. The defined responsibilities, areas of authority and accountability of each party, as well as necessary communication protocols, must ensure configuration management, design control and quality control. These definitions, controls and protocols are agreed (thru normal commerical agreements and binding contracts) and adhered to by all parties ensuring all parts in the supply chain remain approved (e.g. certified and conformed).
Standard

Magnesium Alloys in Aircraft Seats - Developments in Magnesium Alloy Flammability Testing

2019-06-19
WIP
AIR6160A
This document provides informational background, rationale and a technical case to allow consideration of the removal of the magnesium alloy restriction in aircraft seat construction as contained in AS8049B. The foundation of this argument is flammability characterization work performed by the FAA at the William J. Hughes Technical Center (FAATC), Fire Safety Branch in Atlantic City, New Jersey, USA. The rationale and detailed testing results are presented along with flammability reports that have concluded that the use of specific types of magnesium alloys in aircraft seat construction does not increase the hazard level potential in the passenger cabin in a post-crash fire scenario. Further, the FAA has developed a lab scale test method, reference DOT/FAA/TC-13/52, to be used as a certification test, or method of compliance (MOC) to allow acceptability of the use of magnesium in the governing TSO-C127 and TSO-C39C.
Standard

Restraint Systems for Civil Aircraft

2019-04-30
WIP
AS8043C
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) specifies laboratory test procedures and minimum requirements for the manufacturer of restraint systems for use in civil aircraft. It is intended to establish a minimum level of quality which can be called upon by the designer of those systems. However, compliance with this standard alone may not assure adequate performance of the restraint system under normal and emergency conditions. Such performance requires consideration of factors beyond the scope of this standard, and must be demonstrated by a system evaluation procedure which includes the seat, the occupant, the specific restraint installation and the cabin interior configuration. This standard specifies the requirements for Type 1, Type 2, and Type 3 restraint systems. Buckles that release automatically or through any means other than the direct action of the fingers or thumb on the buckle are beyond the scope of this standard.
Standard

Aircraft Seat Design Guidance and Clarifications

2019-03-04
WIP
ARP5526F
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) documents a common understanding of terms, compliance issues, and design criteria to facilitate certification of seat installations specific to Part 25 aircraft. This ARP provides general guidance for seats to be installed in Part 23 aircraft and Parts 27 and 29 rotorcraft and does not specify specific designs or design methods for such certification.
Standard

Gaining Approval for Seats with Integrated Electronics in Accordance with AC21-49 Section 7.b

2017-10-16
WIP
ARP6448A
This document provides an industry-recommended framework for establishing agreements to ensure that seats with integrated electronic components (e.g., actuation system, reading light, inflatable restraint, IFE, etc.) meet the seat TSO Minimum Performance Standard. These agreements will allow Seat Suppliers to build and ship completed, integrated and approved seat assemblies under TSOA with electronics included. The document presents the roles, responsibilities and accontibilities of the Electronics Manufacturer, the Seat Supplier, and the Seat Installer/Electronics Activator in the context of AC 21-49 Section 7.b ‘ Type Certification using TSO-approved seat with electronic components defined in TSO design’. This document applies to all FAA seat TSOs (C39(), C127()…etc).
Standard

Definition of serious injury due to sharp edge formation inflicted on an occupant (passenger) following an emergency landing.

2017-10-02
WIP
ARP6963
Define an objective criteria for serious injury inflicted on an occupant (passenger) following an emergency landing (CFR 25.561/25.562). The document herein is limited to evaluation of the CFR 25.785 (b) & (d), which encompasses the potential sharp edge formation caused by the test dummy’s head striking the seat and/or other structures (shroud, monitor, handset, glass from monitor, etc).
Standard

Performance Standard for Seat Surrounding Furniture in Transport Aircraft

2017-09-19
WIP
AS6960
Seat surrounding furniture (commonly known as shells) is intended to enhance passenger comfort and privacy. They can offer additional space for reclining the seat into a bed position, additional stowage, amenities, etc. Often some amenities are located on the furniture including the front row monument installed in front of the passenger seat. The units normally attach to the same aircraft floor tracks directly in front or behind passenger seat(s) or to the seat primary structure. The unit structures are not directly integrated into the main fuselage and do not offer main supports for aircraft integrity. This Aerospace Standard (AS) establishes the minimum design, performance and qualification requirements for Seat Surrounding Furniture to be certified for installation in transport category airplanes.
Standard

Method to Evaluate Aircraft Passenger Seats for the Test Requirements of 14 CFR Part 25 Appendix F, Parts IV and V

2017-02-02
CURRENT
ARP6199A
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) is only applicable to 14 CFR part 25 Transport Airplane passenger seats. This document provides an approach for determining which parts on aircraft seats are required to meet the test requirements of 14 CFR part 25 Appendix F, Parts IV and V. Such materials are referred to as Heat Release Special Conditions (HRSC) compliant]. Additionally, it is recommended to use HRSC compliant materials in applications where not required. Independent furniture related to seat installations is outside the scope of this document.
Standard

Performance Standard for Seats in Civil Rotorcraft, Transport Aircraft, and General Aviation Aircraft

2015-08-14
CURRENT
AS8049C
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) defines minimum performance standards, qualification requirements, and minimum documentation requirements for passenger and crew seats in civil rotorcraft, transport aircraft, and general aviation aircraft. The goal is to achieve comfort, durability, and occupant protection under normal operational loads and to define test and evaluation criteria to demonstrate occupant protection when a seat/occupant/restraint system is subjected to statically applied ultimate loads and to dynamic impact test conditions set forth in the applicable Federal Regulations 14 CFR 23, 25, 27, or 29. Guidance for test procedures, measurements, equipment, and interpretation of results is also presented to promote uniform techniques and to achieve acceptable data. While this document addresses system performance, responsibility for the seating system is divided between the seat supplier and the installation applicant.
Standard

Magnesium Alloys in Aircraft Seats - Engineering Design and Fabrication Recommended Practices

2014-12-28
CURRENT
ARP6256
This document is a guide to the application of magnesium alloys to aircraft interior components including but not limited to aircraft seats. It provides background information on magnesium, its alloys and readily available forms such as extrusions and plate. It also contains guidelines for “enabling technologies” for the application of magnesium to engineering solutions including: machining, joining, forming, cutting, surface treatment, flammability issues, and designing from aluminum to magnesium.
Standard

Composite Seats

2014-11-18
WIP
ARP6337
Define and develop test parameters, test methods, measurements, and acceptable performance criteria for composite aircraft seat structures.
Standard

Magnesium Alloys in Aircraft Seats - Developments in Magnesium Alloy Flammability Testing

2014-05-16
CURRENT
AIR6160
This document provides informational background, rationale and a technical case to allow consideration of the removal of the magnesium alloy restriction in aircraft seat construction as contained in AS8049B. The foundation of this argument is flammability characterization work performed by the FAA at the William J. Hughes Technical Center (FAATC), Fire Safety Branch in Atlantic City, New Jersey, USA. The rationale and detailed testing results are presented along with flammability reports that have concluded that the use of specific types of magnesium alloys in aircraft seat construction does not increase the hazard level potential in the passenger cabin in a post-crash fire scenario. Further, the FAA has developed a lab scale test method, reference DOT/FAA/TC-13/52, to be used as a certification test, or method of compliance (MOC) to allow acceptability of the use of magnesium in the governing TSO-C127 and TSO-C39C.
Standard

Restraint Systems for Civil Aircraft

2008-09-12
CURRENT
AS8043B
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) specifies laboratory test procedures and minimum requirements for the manufacturer of restraint systems for use in civil aircraft. It is intended to establish a minimum level of quality which can be called upon by the designer of those systems. However, compliance with this standard alone may not assure adequate performance of the restraint system under normal and emergency conditions. Such performance requires consideration of factors beyond the scope of this standard, and must be demonstrated by a system evaluation procedure which includes the seat, the occupant, the specific restraint installation and the cabin interior configuration. This standard specifies the requirements for Type 1, Type 2, and Type 3 restraint systems. Buckles that release automatically or through any means other than the direct action of the fingers or thumb on the buckle are beyond the scope of this standard.
Standard

Performance Standard for Seats in Civil Rotorcraft, Transport Aircraft, and General Aviation Aircraft

2005-01-25
HISTORICAL
AS8049B
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) defines minimum performance standards, qualification requirements, and minimum documentation requirements for passenger and crew seats in civil rotorcraft, transport aircraft, and general aviation aircraft. The goal is to achieve comfort, durability, and occupant protection under normal operational loads and to define test and evaluation criteria to demonstrate occupant protection when a seat/occupant/restraint system is subjected to statically applied ultimate loads and to dynamic impact test conditions set forth in the applicable Federal Regulations 14 CFR 23, 25, 27, or 29. Guidance for test procedures, measurements, equipment, and interpretation of results is also presented to promote uniform techniques and to achieve acceptable data. While this document addresses system performance, responsibility for the seating system is divided between the seat supplier and the installation applicant.
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