Fuel Effects on the Propensity to Establish Propagating Flames at SPI-Relevant Engine Conditions
In order to further understand the sequence of events leading to stochastic preignition in a spark-ignition engine, a previously developed experimental and analysis methodology was used to evaluate the propensity of fuels to establishing propagating flames under conditions representative of those at which stochastic preignition (SPI) occur. A large fuel matrix including single component hydrocarbons, binary and tertiary mixtures, and real fuel blends was evaluated. The propensity of each fuel to establish a flame was correlated to multiple fuel properties and shown to exhibit consistent blending behaviors. No single parameter strongly predicted a fuel’s propensity to establish a flame, while multiple reactivity-based parameters exhibited moderate correlation. A two-stage model of the flame establishment process was developed to interpret and explain these results.