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Technical Paper

Study on Boosted Direct Injection SI Combustion with Ethanol Blends and the Influence on the Ignition System

The stricter worldwide emission legislation and growing demands for lower fuel consumption and CO2-emission require for significant efforts to improve combustion efficiency while satisfying the emission quality demands. Ethanol fuel combined with boosting on direct injection gasoline engines provides a particularly promising and, at the same time, a challenging approach. Brazil is one of the main Ethanol fuel markets with its E24 and E100 fuel availability, which covers a large volume of the national needs. Additionally, worldwide Ethanol availability is becoming more and more important, e.g., in North America and Europe. Considering the future flex-fuel engine market with growing potentials identified on downsized spark ignition engines, it becomes necessary to investigate the synergies and challenges of Ethanol boosted operation. Main topic of the present work focuses on the operation of Ethanol blends up to E100 at high loads up to 30 bar imep.
Technical Paper

Gasoline Direct Injection - SULEV Emission Concept

Gasoline Direct Injection (GDI) engines can play an important role in future powertrain concepts. They show potential for enhanced fuel economy and at the same time fulfill demands for higher specific power output. For a successful placement in the NAFTA market especially against other competing concepts such as the gasoline port fuel injection engine and the Diesel engine, GDI has to demonstrate its ability to meet existing and future emission legislation. This contribution demonstrates GDI as a low emission concept. It proposes a reliable and efficient cold-start strategy called “High-Pressure Stratified Start”. Fuel is injected by means of increased fuel pressure during compression stroke instead of the conventional start with low-pressure fuel injection during intake stroke. Consequently, mixture preparation is greatly enhanced and wall wetting is reduced. The high-pressure start produces less unburned hydrocarbon emissions and enhances start reliability at low temperatures.