Modeling the Pollutant Emissions from a S.I. Engine
Nowadays 1D fluid dynamic models are widely used by engine designers, since they can give sufficiently accurate predictions in short times, allowing to support the optimization and development work of any prototype. According to the last requirements in terms of pollutant emission control, some enhancements have been introduced in the 1D code GASDYN, to improve its ability in predicting the composition of the exhaust gas discharged by the cylinders and the transport of the chemical species along the exhaust system. The main aspects of the methods adopted to model the combustion process and the related formation of pollutants are described in the paper. To account for the burnt gas stratification, two different approaches have been proposed, depending on the expected turbulence levels inside the combustion chamber. The reliability of the simulation of the pollutant formation process has been enhanced by the integration of the thermodynamic module with the Chemkin code.