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Standard

Laboratory Speed Test Procedure for Passenger Car Tires

2019-09-11
CURRENT
J1561_201909
This SAE Recommended Practice provides a method for testing the speed performance of passenger car tires under controlled conditions in the laboratory on a test wheel. This procedure applies to “standard load,” “extra load,” and “T-type high-pressure temporary-use spare” passenger tires.
Standard

Residual Aligning Moment Test

2019-07-11
WIP
J1988
This Recommended Practice describes the determination of tire pull force properties for an uninclined tire (SAE J670e) on a laboratory flat surface tire force and moment machine. It is suitable for accurately determining pull forces and residual aligning moments for passenger and light-truck tires. These properties are important determinants of vehicle trim. They describe steady-state, free-rolling pull effects ascribable to tires. The test method described in this document is suitable for comparative evaluation of tires for research and development purposes. The method is also suitable for modeling when followed carefully.
Standard

Force and Moment Test Method

2019-07-11
WIP
J1987
This SAE Recommended Practice describes the determination of passenger car and light truck tire force and moment properties on a belt-type flat surface test machine. It is suitable for accurately determining five tire forces and moments in steady-state under free-rolling conditions as a function of slip angle and normal force which are incrementally changed in a given sequence. Heavy-duty tires are not considered in this document, because the measuring system would have force and moment ranges too large to meet sensitivity requirements for passenger and light truck tire force and moment measurements. A standard for heavy-duty truck tires would have many of the same features as this document, but the measuring system, would have to be extensively altered. Inclination angle combined with slip angle, pull forces, and any combination with spindle torque are not considered in this document. Standards needed for these topics will be considered separately.
Standard

Testing Machines for Measuring the Uniformity of Passenger Car and Light Truck Tires

2019-07-11
WIP
J332
The comfort and fatigue of vehicle passengers is a major engineering consideration. Among the many factors involved are vibratory and auditory disturbances. Tires participate, among other elements of the vehicle, in exciting vibrations and noises. Furthermore, tires also may generate forces leading to lateral drift of the vehicle. This SAE Recommended Practice describes the design requirements for equipment to evaluate some of the characteristic excitations of passenger car and light truck tires which may cause disturbance in vehicles. The kinds of excitations treated result from nonuniformities in the structure of the tire and have their effect when a vehicle bearing the tire travels on a smooth road. This document also describes some broad aspects of the use of the equipment and lists precautionary measures that have arisen out of current experience. The intention underlying these recommendations is to establish a standardized measurement for use by the engineering community.
Standard

Passenger and Light Truck Tire Traction Device Profile Determination and Classification

2019-07-11
WIP
J1232
The purpose of this SAE Recommended Practice is to set up a guide as to body, frame, and wheelhouse clearances required to accommodate tire traction devices (e.g., tire chains), and to provide a means of classifying these devices according to their maximum profile. In addition, it enables the vehicle manufacturer to specify the proper traction devices for each vehicle. This report is intended to apply to passenger cars and light trucks up to 4535 kg (10 001 lb) GVW. This document is not to be construed as approving traction device operation at conditions exceeding manufacturer's specifications, although short periods of such operations may be required for test purposes.
Standard

Tire Performance Terminology

2019-07-11
WIP
J2047
This terminology aims to encompass all terms and definitions pertaining to the road performance of pneumatic tires designed for over-the-highway use, such as passenger car, light truck, truck and bus, and motorcycle tires. Not included are terms specific to the performance of agricultural, aircraft, industrial, and other off-highway tires. However, many terms contained in this document also apply to non-highway tires.
Standard

Tire Pressure Monitoring Systems for Light Duty Highway Vehicles

2019-07-11
WIP
J2657
To establish overall performance guidelines, test methods, and minimum performance levels for a TPMS. The system shall visually indicate the tire inflation pressure status. These guidelines include, but are not limited to: a. A test methodology for a device which monitors tire inflation, that is located in/on the tire/wheel environment. b. Recommended performance guidelines for a TPMS.
Standard

Rolling Resistance Measurement Procedure for Passenger Car, Light Truck, and Highway Truck and Bus Tires

2019-07-11
WIP
J1269
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to the laboratory measurement of rolling resistance of pneumatic passenger car, light truck, and highway truck and bus tires. The procedure applies only to the steady-state operation of free-rolling tires at zero slip and inclination angles; it includes the following three basic methods: Force Method--Measures the reaction force at the tire spindle and converts it to rolling resistance. Torque Method--Measures the torque input to the test machine and converts it to rolling resistance. Power Method--Measures the power input to the test machine and converts it to rolling resistance.
Standard

Passenger Car Tire Performance Requirements and Test Procedures

2018-06-29
CURRENT
J918_201806
This SAE Standard provides minimum performance requirements and accompanying uniform laboratory test procedures for evaluating certain essential characteristics of new tires and newly retreaded tires intended for use on passenger cars. (The requirements published in this SAE Standard pertain to tire sizes currently used on American passenger cars and popular sizes used on imported passenger cars. For related information on tire sizes not listed, contact SAE Automotive Headquarters, 18121 East Eight Mile Road, East Detroit, Michigan 48021.)
Standard

Light Vehicle Dry & Wet Stopping Distance Test Procedure

2018-06-12
CURRENT
J2909_201806
This document establishes best practices to measure vehicle stopping distance on dry or wet asphalt in a straight path of travel intended for the purpose of publishing stopping distance by manufacturers and media organizations for vehicles with original equipment tires. It is recommended that the test method within be adopted for all vehicles less than 4536 kg (10000 pounds) GVWR. This procedure is typically used with initial speeds of 100 km/h and 60 mph, but other speeds may be used. Since tires play a significant role in stopping distance, this procedure covers tire types typically used as original equipment on new vehicles including all-season, summer, and all-terrain tires. This document may serve as a procedural guideline for all tire types, but the surface temperature correction formulas in this procedure were developed using all-season tires and may not be applicable to other tire types.
Standard

Wet or Dry Pavement Passenger Car Tire Peak and Locked Wheel Braking Traction

2018-02-15
CURRENT
J345_201802
This SAE Recommended Practice defines the best known techniques for evaluating peak and locked wheel braking traction. It covers an important phase of tire braking traction, namely, the wet or dry pavement straight ahead conditions. However, this is but a small portion of the whole field of tire traction. As test procedures are established for other phases of this complex study, additional supplementary procedures will be written. A discussion of this entire subject is contained in Appendix B to this recommended practice.
Standard

Stepwise Coastdown Methodology for Measuring Tire Rolling Resistance

2017-07-26
CURRENT
J2452_201707
This SAE Recommended Practice is applicable to pneumatic Passenger Car “P” Type, Light Truck Metric, and Light Truck High Flotation tires, or similar tires approved by bodies other than Tire & Rim Association. The methodology is applicable within normal operating ranges of vertical load and inflation pressure, and for velocities between 115 km/h and 15 km/h (71 mph and 9 mph) during a relatively short duration event such as a coastdown. This procedure is applicable only to operation in the free-rolling mode at zero slip and camber angle for ambient temperatures between 20 °C and 28 °C (68 °F and 82 °F) and for surfaces with diameters of 1.2 m (48 in) diameter or greater. Details regarding the equipment, tires, and test methods used specifically for validation of this document are included in Appendix A. Two basic measurement methods covered by this document are as follows:
Standard

Tire Performance Terminology

2013-03-11
CURRENT
J2047_201303
This terminology aims to encompass all terms and definitions pertaining to the road performance of pneumatic tires designed for over-the-highway use, such as passenger car, light truck, truck and bus, and motorcycle tires. Not included are terms specific to the performance of agricultural, aircraft, industrial, and other off-highway tires. However, many terms contained in this document also apply to non-highway tires.
Standard

Laboratory Testing Machines for Measuring the Steady State Force And Moment Properties of Passenger Car Tires

2012-08-31
CURRENT
J1106_201208
This Recommended Practice describes some basic design requirements and operational procedures associated with equipment for laboratory measurement of tire force and moment properties of the full range of passenger car tires. These properties must be known to establish the tire's contribution to vehicle dynamic performance. Many factors influence laboratory tire force and moment measurements. This Recommended Practice was compiled as a guide for equipment design and test operation so that data from different laboratories can be directly compared and applied to vehicle design and tire selection problems. It is recognized that laboratory measurements define performance in a controlled and idealized situation that may not correspond to conditions encountered in a vehicle's operating environment. Several decades of testing experience in different laboratories indicates, however, that these tests can provide a very useful bench mark for evaluation of tire performance.
Standard

Light Vehicle Dry Stopping Distance

2010-05-25
HISTORICAL
J2909_201005
This document establishes best practices to measure vehicle stopping distance on dry asphalt in a straight path of travel intended for the purpose of publishing stopping distance by manufacturers and media organizations. It is recommended that the test method within be adopted for all vehicles less than 10 000 lb (4536 kg) GVWR. This procedure is typically used with initial speeds of 100 km/h and 60 mph, but other speeds may be used.
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