Comparison of Conventional Intake Port and Swirl Intake Port on Mixture Formation in a GDI Engine - A CFD Analysis
Gasoline direct injection (GDI) engines have picked up prominence in the current circumstances in light of lower fuel consumption and exhaust emissions. Mixture formation in these engines plays a critical role which affects the combustion, performance and emission characteristics. To get better mixture formation, various factors ought to be considered, of which intake port design is one of the factors of considerable importance. Therefore, in this study, a comparison of mixture formation, performance and emission characteristics has been analyzed in a GDI engine with conventional intake port and swirl intake port. The analysis is carried out on a four-stroke wall-guided GDI engine using the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) with the help of the CONVERGE. The validation of spray breakup model is carried out to the extent possible using the experimental results available in the literature.