Influences of Butanol Blends on Combustion and Emissions of a Small SI Engine
In the general efforts to replace the fossil fuels in transportation by renewable fuels the bioalcohols are an important alternative. The global share of Bioethanol used for transportation is continuously increasing. Butanol, a four-carbon alcohol, is considered in the last years as an interesting alternative fuel, both for Diesel and for Gasoline application. Its advantages for engine operation are: good miscibility with gasoline and diesel fuels, higher calorific value than Ethanol, lower hygroscopicity, lower corrosivity and possibility of replacing aviation fuels. In the present work research with different nButanol portions in gasoline (BuXX)* was performed on the 2-cylinder SI engine with variations of several parameters on engine dynamometer. At different steady state operating points were varied: spark timing (αz), air excess factor (λ) and EGR-rate. Furthermore, the conversion rates and light-off of a 3-way-catalyst were investigated.