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Technical Paper

Instrument for Field Monitoring of Carboxylate Coolants and Heat-Exchange Fluids

2000-06-19
2000-01-1978
For several years now, organic acid based coolants and heat exchange fluids have been introduced on the automotive and industrial market place. The organic acid based coolants provide improved high temperature aluminum corrosion protection and longer drain intervals when compared to traditional coolants. In order to evaluate the organic acid based coolant quality in the field; the end user needs to be able to check several physico-chemical parameters of the coolant. First of all the amount of carboxylate based inhibitors should be determined because the customers can top the system with water. As a result the carboxylates can drop under the minimum required inhibitor level.
Technical Paper

Extended Life Carboxylate Coolant Compatibility with Other Coolant Technologies - Examining the Data

2000-06-19
2000-01-1977
Previous studies examined the effect of low levels of silicate (∼<75ppm Si) on hot aluminum corrosion protection. The corrosion protection provided by different coolant technologies was evaluated at different silicate levels. The results indicated that small amounts of silicate have a negative effect on the corrosion protection of aluminum. This work will examine these results and evaluate the effectiveness of different laboratory tests for determining coolant “compatibility.” Results will be examined from several bench and fleet tests showing the effect of coolant mixing on the corrosion rates in various environments. The bench test results will include laboratory glassware and dynamic tests that have been used historically to evaluate coolant compatibility. Differences between the test methods will also be evaluated to determine the relevance of each test procedure in light of the fleet observations.
Technical Paper

The Effect of Silicate Content in Engine Coolants on the Corrosion Protection of Aluminum Heat-Rejecting Surfaces

1994-03-01
940498
The effect of small amounts of silicate on coolant performance has been studied. The corrosion protection provided by different coolant technologies was evaluated for different silicate contents. This work includes results from electrochemical tests and static and dynamic heat-rejecting tests on aluminum surfaces. The results indicate that small amounts of silicate have a negative effect on the corrosion protection of aluminum. Depletion of silicates can therefor be expected to affect aluminum heat-rejecting surfaces. The use of carboxylic acid corrosion inhibitors can overcome this problem.
Technical Paper

A Compatibility Study of Mixtures of a Monoacid/Dibasic Acid Coolant and a Traditional Nitrite-Free Coolant

1994-03-01
940769
Mixtures of a novel corrosion inhibitor, based on the synergistic combination of aliphatic mono- and dibasic acids with a traditional coolant have been evaluated in: a stability test an electrochemical test the ASTM D 1384 Glassware Corrosion Test the ASTM D 4340 Aluminum Heat-Rejection Test a Dynamic Heat-Transfer Test. This paper discusses the results of these tests and the relevance of the tests in assessing the performance of the coolant mixtures. Recommendations are made to the selection of methods that provide significant information on coolant compatibility.
Technical Paper

Long Life Performance of Carboxylic Acid Based Coolants

1994-03-01
940500
An inhibitor package which is silicate-, nitrate-, borate- and phosphate-free has been developed as the basis for a world-wide automotive coolant formulation. The formulation contains aliphatic mono- and dicarboxylic acids and tolyltriazole as the sole inhibitors. Formulations containing carboxylic acid inhibitors have been studied in ASTM bench tests and found to sufficiently protect all prevalent cooling system metals. In addition, fleet tests have shown that carboxylic acid inhibitors deplete much more slowly than conventional inhibitors, making possible a much longer life coolant. Results from laboratory tests which simulate extended usage indicated that carboxylic acid-containing coolants have a significantly longer life span for the protection of all cooling system metals. Finally, the carboxylic acid/tolyltriazole inhibitor package is completely adaptable to a propylene glycol base.
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