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Technical Paper

Desert Research and Technology Studies 2005 Report

During the first two weeks of September 2005, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Johnson Space Center (JSC) Advanced Extravehicular Activity (AEVA) team led the field test portion of the 2005 Research and Technology Studies (RATS). The Desert RATS field test activity is the culmination of the various individual science and advanced engineering discipline areas year-long technology and operations development efforts into a coordinated field test demonstration under representative (analog) planetary surface terrain conditions. The purpose of the RATS is to drive out preliminary exploration concept of operations EVA system requirements by providing hands-on experience with simulated planetary surface exploration extravehicular activity (EVA) hardware and procedures.
Technical Paper

Desert Research and Technology Study 2004 Field Trip Report: EVA System Results

The Advanced Extravehicular Activity (EVA) team of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Johnson Space Center (JSC) led the Desert Research and Technology Study (RATS) in September 2004, at various test site locations near Flagstaff, Arizona. The Desert RATS is a two-week integrated remote field site test with team members from several NASA centers, universities, and industry partners participating. The overall objective of the RATS is to investigate and evaluate prototype advanced EVA exploration systems and technologies in order to develop well-defined requirements for the Vision for Space Exploration. This is accomplished by conducting simulated planetary surface exploration activities. Shirtsleeve subjects and subjects in pressurized space suits perform tasks such as geologic field mapping, rock sample collection and analysis, and communication infrastructure deployment.
Technical Paper

First Astronaut - Rover Interaction Field Test

The first ever Astronaut - Rover (ASRO) Interaction Field Test was conducted successfully on February 22-27, 1999, in Silver Lake, Mojave Desert, California in a representative surface terrain. This test was a joint effort between the NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California and the NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas to investigate the interaction between humans and robotic rovers for potential future planetary surface exploration. As prototype advanced planetary surface space suit and rover technologies are being developed for human planetary surface exploration, it is desirable to better understand the interaction and potential benefits of an Extravehiclar Activity (EVA) crewmember interacting with a robotic rover. This interaction between an EVA astronaut and a robotic rover is seen as complementary and can greatly enhance the productivity and safety of surface excursions.