LES Predictions of the Vortical Flow Structures in Diesel Injector Nozzles
Vortex flow realized inside the sac volume and the injection holes of automotive and heavy duty injectors plays an important role in the formation and development of cavitation and the near-nozzle structure of the emerging fuel sprays. Large-scale vortical flow structures are mainly induced by the geometric details of the injector. Vortex flow may be also induced by eccentric needle opening as well as the manufacturing tolerances of locations critical to the nozzle geometry such as the hole entry shape. The present paper assesses the predictive capability of a Large Eddy Simulation model against LDV measurements of the flow velocity obtained inside a transparent nozzle replica. Model predictions are compared also with RANS model predictions obtained using the standard k-ε model.