Investigation of the Effect of Glow Plugs on Low Load Gasoline PPC
Low temperature combustion (LTC), is a promising alternative for combustion engines, because it combines the positive aspects of both CI and SI engines, high efficiency and low emissions. Another positive aspect of LTC is that it can operate with gasoline of different octane ratings. Still, higher octane gasolines prove to be difficult to operate at low load conditions leading to high combustion instability (COV) that leads also to high emissions. This drawback can be reduced by increasing the intake air temperature or increasing compression ratio, but it is not a viable strategy in conventional applications. For a diesel engine running under LTC conditions, a possibility is to use the existing hardware, glow plugs in this case, to increase the in-cylinder temperature at low loads and facilitate an improved combustion event.