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Standard

Welded, Flash-Controlled, Low-Carbon Steel Tubing Normalized for Bending, Double Flaring, Beading, Forming, and Brazing

2019-05-09
CURRENT
J356_201905
This SAE Standard covers normalized electric-resistance welded flash-controlled single-wall, low-carbon steel pressure tubing intended for use as pressure lines and in other applications requiring tubing of a quality suitable for bending, double flaring, beading, forming, and brazing. Material produced to this specification is not intended to be used for single flare applications, due to the potential leak path caused by the Inside Diameter (ID) weld bead or scarfed region. Assumption of risks when using this material for single flare applications shall be defined by agreement between the producer and purchaser. This specification also covers SAE J356 Type-A tubing. The mechanical properties and performance requirements of SAE J356 and SAE J356 Type-A are the same. The SAE J356 or SAE J356 Type-A designation define unique manufacturing differences between coiled and straight material.
Standard

Recommended Practices for Fluid Conductor Carbon, Alloy and High Strength Low Alloy Steel Tubing Applications - Part 3: Procurement

2019-05-06
WIP
J2551/3

1.1 Purpose

SAE J2551-3 recommended practice provides recommendations for a procurement process for carbon, alloy and high strength low alloy steel tube assemblies for fluid power applications utilizing commonly available manufacturing methods and general guidelines for tube selection and application.

1.2 Field of Application

These recommended practices are intended for general application and hydraulic systems on industrial equipment and commercial products. Aircraft and Aerospace applications were not considered during the preparation of this document. Since many factors influence the pressure at which a hydraulic system will perform satisfactorily, these recommended practices should not be construed as guaranteed minimums. For any application, sufficient testing should be conducted and reviewed by both the user and supplier to ensure that required performance levels are met.

Standard

Welded Flash Controlled, SAE 1021 Carbon Steel Tubing, Normalized for Cold Forming, Welding and Brazing

2019-04-08
WIP
J2435
The SAE Standard covers normalized electric resistance welded flash controlled single-wall, carbon steel pressure tubing intended for use as pressure lines and in other applications requiring tubing of a quality suitable for cold forming, welding and brazing. Material produced to this specification should not be used for single flare applications due to the potential leak path that would be caused by the ID weld bead or scarfed region. Assumption of risks when using this material for single flare applications to be defined by agreement between the producer and tube purchaser. The grade of material produced to this specification is higher in carbon and manganese content than the grade of material specified in SAE J356 and is intended to service higher pressure applications than equivalent sizes of SAE J356. Due to the higher carbon and manganese content the forming characteristics of the finished tube are diminished versus the SAE J356 product.
Standard

Welded and Cold-Drawn, SAE 1021 Carbon Steel Tubing Normalized for Bending and Flaring

2019-04-08
WIP
J2467
The SAE Standard covers normalized electric resistance welded, cold-drawn, single-wall, SAE 1021 carbon steel pressure tubing intended for use as pressure lines and in other applications requiring tubing of a quality suitable for bending, flaring, forming, and brazing. The grade of material produced to this specification is higher in carbon content and manganese content than the grade of material specified in SAE J525 and is intended to service higher pressure applications than equivalent sizes of SAE J525. Due to the higher carbon and manganese content the forming characteristics of the finished tube are diminished versus the SAE J525 product. Special attention to the overall forming requirements of the finished assembly shall be taken into consideration when specifying material produced to this specification.
Standard

Welded Flash Controlled, High Strength (690 MPa Tensile Strength) Low Alloy Steel Hydraulic Tubing, Stress Relieved, Annealed for Bending, Double Flaring, Cold Forming, and Brazing

2019-02-27
CURRENT
J2832_201902
This SAE Standard covers stress relieved electric resistance welded flash controlled single wall high strength low alloy steel tubing intended for use in high-pressure hydraulic lines and in other applications requiring tubing of a quality suitable for bending, double flaring,cold forming and brazing. Material produced to this specification is not intended to be used for single flare applications due to the potential leak path caused by the ID weld bead. The grade of material produced to this specification is of micro-alloy content. Nominal reference working pressures for this tubing are listed in ISO 10763 and SAE J1065. Brazed and/or welded tube assembly configurations made to specific geometry and components in association with this material may require qualification testing in accordance with ISO 19879. Cold forming the tube end configurations avoids this systemic testing by not compromising the structural integrity of the tube material.
Standard

Carbon Steel Tubing for General Use Understanding Nondestructive Testing for Carbon Steel Tubing

2019-01-04
CURRENT
J2592_201901
This Information Report describes eddy current testing, flux leakage testing, ultrasonic testing, and magnetic particle testing of steel tubing. The purpose of these testing methods is to expose flaws in the tube material or weld zone, such as discontinuities, seams, cracks, holes, voids, and other imperfections characteristic to the specific construction of the tubing. When agreed upon between the producer and purchaser, nondestructive testing is used in lieu of destructive hydrostatic pressure proof testing. Aircraft and Aerospace applications were not considered during the preparation of this document.
Standard

Welded and Cold-Drawn, High Strength (690 MPa Tensile Strength) Low Alloy Steel Hydraulic Tubing, Stress Relieved Annealed for Bending, Flaring, Cold Forming and Brazing

2018-06-15
CURRENT
J2833_201806
This specification covers stress relieved annealed electric resistance welded and cold-drawn single-wall high strength low alloy steel tubing intended for use in hydraulic pressure lines and in other applications requiring tubing of a quality suitable for bending, flaring, cold forming, and brazing. The grade of material produced to this specification is of micro-alloy content. Nominal reference working pressures for this tubing are listed in ISO 10763 and SAE J1065. CAUTION: Sub-critically annealed steels are often produced using anneal temperatures below the Lower Critical Temperature (AC1) of the given steel to achieve the desired strength levels. Welding, brazing, or other processing methods that subject the tube material or assembly to temperatures near or above AC1 might initiate isothermal transformation of the tube microstructure and compromise the strength of the tube in the heat affected zone by further annealing the tube.
Standard

Welded and Cold-Drawn, High Strength (500 MPa Tensile Strength) Hydraulic Tubing, for Bending, Flaring, Cold Forming, Welding and Brazing

2018-01-10
CURRENT
J2614_201801
This specification covers sub-critically annealed or normalized electric resistance welded and cold-drawn single-wall high strength steel tubing intended for use in hydraulic pressure lines and in other applications requiring tubing of a quality suitable for bending, flaring, cold forming, welding and brazing. Nominal reference working pressures for this tubing are listed in ISO 10763 for metric tubing and SAE J1065 for inch tubing. This specification also covers SAE J2614 Type-A tubing. The mechanical properties and performance requirements of standard SAE J2614 and SAE J2614 Type-A are the same. The designated differences of Type-A tubing do not imply that Type-A tubing is in anyway inferior to standard SAE J2614. The Type-A designation is meant to address unique manufacturing differences between sub-critically annealed and normalized tubing.
Standard

Brazed Double Wall Low-Carbon Steel Tubing

2017-10-25
CURRENT
J527_201710
This SAE Standard covers brazed double wall low-carbon steel tubing intended for general automotive, refrigeration, hydraulic, and other similar applications requiring tubing of a suitable quality for bending, flaring, beading, forming, and brazing.
Standard

Welded Flash Controlled, High Strength (500 MPa Tensile Strength) Hydraulic Tubing, for Bending, Double Flaring, Cold Forming, Welding, and Brazing

2017-10-12
CURRENT
J2613_201710
This SAE Standard covers sub-critically annealed or normalized electric resistance welded flash controlled single-wall high strength steel tubing intended for use in hydraulic pressure lines and in other applications requiring tubing of a quality suitable for bending, double flaring, cold forming, welding and brazing. Material produced to this specification is not intended to be used for single flare applications due to the potential leak path caused by the ID weld bead. Nominal reference working pressures for this tubing are listed in ISO 10763 for metric tubing and SAE J1065 for inch tubing. This specification also covers SAE J2613 Type-A tubing. The mechanical properties and performance requirements of standard SAE J2613 and SAE J2613 Type-A are the same. The designated differences of Type-A tubing do not imply that Type-A tubing is in anyway inferior to standard SAE J2613.
Standard

Tests and Procedures for Carbon Steel and High Strength Low Alloy Steel Tubing

2016-12-07
CURRENT
J1677_201612
This SAE Standard is intended to establish uniform methods for testing certain types of carbon steel and high strength, low alloy steel tubing as listed in section 2.1.1. The specified test and performance criteria applicable to each variety of tubing are set forth in the respective SAE J Specifications.
Standard

Welded Low-Carbon Steel Tubing Suitable for Bending, Flaring, Beading, Forming and Brazing

2016-11-18
CURRENT
J526_201611
The SAE J526 Standard covers electric-resistance welded single-wall low-carbon steel pressure tubing intended for general automotive, refrigeration, hydraulic, and other similar applications requiring tubing of a quality suitable for bending, flaring, beading, forming, and brazing. Material produced to this specification is not intended to be used for single flare applications due to the potential leak path that would be caused by the ID weld bead or scarfed region. Assumption of risks when using this material for single flare applications shall be defined by agreement between the producer and tube purchaser. The material produced to this specification is intended to service pressure applications where severe forming and bending is not required.
Standard

Welded and Cold Drawn Low-Carbon Steel Tubing Annealed for Bending and Flaring

2016-09-09
CURRENT
J525_201609
This SAE Standard covers normalized electric-resistance welded, cold-drawn, single-wall, low-carbon steel pressure tubing intended for use as pressure lines and in other applications requiring tubing of a quality suitable for bending, flaring, forming, and brazing. In an effort to standardize within a global marketplace and ensuring that companies can remain competitive in an international market it is the intent to convert to metric tube sizes which will: Lead to one global system Guide users to preferred system Reduce complexity Eliminate inventory duplications
Standard

Seamless Low-Carbon Steel Tubing Annealed for Bending and Flaring

2016-07-27
CURRENT
J524_201607
This SAE Standard covers cold drawn and annealed seamless low-carbon steel pressure tubing intended for use as hydraulic lines and in other applications requiring tubing of a quality suitable for flaring and bending. In an effort to standardize within a global marketplace and ensuring that companies can remain competitive in an international market it is the intent to convert to metric tube sizes which will: Lead to one global system Guide users to preferred system Reduce complexity Eliminate inventory duplications
Standard

Nominal Reference Working Pressures for Steel Hydraulic Tubing

2016-05-20
CURRENT
J1065_201605
This SAE Information Report is intended to provide design guidance in the selection of steel tubing and related tube fittings for general hydraulic system applications. The information presented herein is based on tubing products which conform to SAE and ISO standards listed in the reference section.
Standard

Welded Flash Controlled, SAE 1021 Carbon Steel Tubing, Normalized for Cold Forming, Welding and Brazing

2015-08-11
CURRENT
J2435_201508
The SAE Standard covers normalized electric resistance welded flash controlled single-wall, carbon steel pressure tubing intended for use as pressure lines and in other applications requiring tubing of a quality suitable for cold forming, welding and brazing. Material produced to this specification should not be used for single flare applications due to the potential leak path that would be caused by the ID weld bead or scarfed region. Assumption of risks when using this material for single flare applications to be defined by agreement between the producer and tube purchaser. The grade of material produced to this specification is higher in carbon and manganese content than the grade of material specified in SAE J356 and is intended to service higher pressure applications than equivalent sizes of SAE J356. Due to the higher carbon and manganese content the forming characteristics of the finished tube are diminished versus the SAE J356 product.
Standard

Welded and Cold-Drawn, SAE 1021 Carbon Steel Tubing Normalized for Bending and Flaring

2015-06-30
CURRENT
J2467_201506
The SAE Standard covers normalized electric resistance welded, cold-drawn, single-wall, SAE 1021 carbon steel pressure tubing intended for use as pressure lines and in other applications requiring tubing of a quality suitable for bending, flaring, forming, and brazing. The grade of material produced to this specification is higher in carbon content and manganese content than the grade of material specified in SAE J525 and is intended to service higher pressure applications than equivalent sizes of SAE J525. Due to the higher carbon and manganese content the forming characteristics of the finished tube are diminished versus the SAE J525 product. Special attention to the overall forming requirements of the finished assembly shall be taken into consideration when specifying material produced to this specification.
Standard

Welded Flash-Controlled Low-Carbon Steel Tubing Normalized for Bending, Double Flaring, and Beading

2013-12-17
HISTORICAL
J356_201312
The SAE Standard covers normalized electric-resistance welded flash-controlled single-wall, low-carbon steel pressure tubing intended for use as pressure lines and in other applications requiring tubing of a quality suitable for bending, double flaring, beading, forming, and brazing. Material produced to this specification is not intended to be used for single flare applications due to the potential leak path that would be caused by the ID weld bead or scarfed region. Assumption of risks when using this material for single flare applications to be defined by agreement between the producer and tube purchaser. This specification also covers SAE J356 Type-A tubing. The mechanical properties and performance requirements of standard SAE J356 and SAE J356 Type-A are the same. Therefore, the designated differences of Type-A tubing are not meant to imply that Type-A tubing is in anyway inferior to standard SAE J356.
Standard

Fuel Injection Tubing

2013-12-17
CURRENT
J529_201312
This standard covers tubing intended for use as high pressure fuel injection lines on a range of engines requiring tubing no larger than ¼ in (6.35 mm) OD. The material and construction of the tubing shall be cold drawn annealed low carbon seamless steel of a quality suitable for cold swaging, cold upsetting, and cold bending.
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