Considerations in Conducting Structural Dynamic Analysis of Commercial Vehicle Exhaust System
To validate the integrity of a commercial vehicle's exhaust system's structural design is a challenging job. An integrated approach to use both simulation/modeling and hardware testing must be employed to reduce product development cost. In addition to the considerations of the geometry and configuration specs of 70-90 parts and joints as well as material's thermal and mechanical property data in model development, representative loading must be used. For base excitation type of loading, such as the one experienced by the vehicle's exhaust system, one must decide whether to conduct the time domain transient analysis or frequency domain random vibration analysis. Although both methods are well known, few discussions can be found in the literature regarding their effective use in the framework of product design and development. Based on our study, the random vibration method should be used first for identifying high stress locations in the system and for design optimization.