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Data Acquisition from HD Vehicles Using J1939 CAN Bus

2016-07-14
Modern vehicles have electronic control units (ECUs) to control various subsystems such as the engine, brakes, steering, air conditioning, and infotainment. These ECUs (or simply ‘controllers’) are networked together to share information, and output directly measured and calculated data to each other. This in-vehicle network is a data goldmine for improved maintenance, measuring vehicle performance and its subsystems, fleet management, warranty and legal issues, reliability, durability, and accident reconstruction. The focus of Data Acquisition from HD Vehicles Using J1939 CAN Bus is to guide the reader on how to acquire and correctly interpret data from the in-vehicle network of heavy-duty (HD) vehicles. The reader will learn how to convert messages to scaled engineering parameters, and how to determine the available parameters on HD vehicles, along with their accuracy and update rate. Written by two specialists in this field, Richard (Rick) P. Walter and Eric P.
Book

Advances in Aircraft Landing Gear and Advances in Aircraft Brakes and Tires

2015-09-10
This set is comprised of two titles, Advances in Aircraft Landing Gear and Advances in Aircraft Brakes and Tires both edited by Robert Kyle Schmidt, a mechanical engineer and known expert in this subject. Advances in Aircraft Landing Gear is a collection of eleven hand-picked technical papers focusing on the significant advancements that have occurred in this field concerning numeric modeling, electric actuation, and composite materials. Advances in Aircraft Brakes and Tires focuses on the aircraft’s interface with the ground – through its wheels, tires and brakes – a critical part of a safe and reliable operation. It presents a selection of the most relevant papers published by SAE International on these matters in the past fifteen years.
Book

Advances in Aircraft Brakes and Tires

2015-08-24
An aircraft’s interface with the ground—through its wheels, tires, and brakes—is critical to ensure safe and reliable operation, demanding constant technology development. Significant advancements have occurred with almost all civil airliners entering service with radial tires, and with the Boeing 787 having entered service in 2011 with electrically actuated carbon-carbon brakes. This book is divided into three sections: tires, control systems, and brakes, presenting a selection of the most relevant papers published by SAE International on these matters in the past fifteen years. They have been chosen to provide significant interest to those engineers working in the landing gear field. With almost all current large civil aircraft (and many smaller aircraft) opting exclusively for carbon-carbon brakes, a number of papers addressing the challenges of this technology are included. Papers touching on tire behavior and papers discussing brake control strategies are provided.
Book

Biocomposites in Automotive Applications

2015-08-13
The automotive sector has taken a keen interest in lightweighting as new required performance standards for fuel economy come into place. This strategy includes parts consolidation, design optimization, and material substitution, with sustainable polymers playing a major role in reducing a vehicle’s weight. Sustainable polymers are largely biodegradable, biocompatible, and sourced from renewable plant and agricultural stocks. A facile way to enhance their properties, so they can indeed replace the ones made from fossil fuels, is by reinforcing them with fibers to make composites. Natural fibers are gaining more acceptance in the industry due to their renewable nature, low cost, low density, low energy consumption, high specific strength and stiffness, CO2 sequestration potential, biodegradability, and less wear imposed on machinery. Biocomposites then become a very feasible way to help address the fuel consumption challenge ahead of us.
Book

The Global Chassis Sector Report: An Analysis of the Braking, Steering and Suspension Markets

2015-06-01
This exclusive report produced by ABOUT Automotive concentrates on three of the most important areas within the automotive chassis sector: • Braking components, modules and systems • Suspension and damping systems • Steering systems It addresses the critical issues facing the automotive chassis sector, and is broken down into eight major sections: • Key market drivers • Braking components, modules and systems • Suspension and damping systems • Steering systems • Chassis sector supplier profiles • OEM system technology trends • OEM modular sourcing trends • Technology roadmap This includes mainstream, mass-market technology, as well as innovative and advanced technology where appropriate in each product area. The report also analyses the approach of each supplier to the market, including its role within the emergence of innovative technologies. Likewise, the research provides an analysis of the technology and sourcing trends apparent among the major global carmakers.
Book

Energy Harvesting/Regeneration for Electric Vehicles Land, Water & Air 2015-2025

2014-12-01
The electric vehicle industry - land, water and air - is rapidly rising to become a market of over $533 billion by 2025. Some run entirely on harvested energy as with solar lake boats. Others recycle energy as with regenerative braking of cars, buses and military vehicles harvesting kinetic energy. Others use different forms of harvesting either to charge the traction batteries, or to drive autonomous device. In some cases, harvesting is making completely new forms of electric vehicle possible such as "glider" Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) that can stay at sea for years, gaining electricity from both wave power and sunshine. Multiple forms of energy harvesting on one vehicle are becoming more common from cars to superyachts.
Book

Electric Motors for Hybrid and Pure Electric Vehicles 2015-2025: Land, Water, Air

2014-11-01
The electric vehicle business will approach a massive $500 billion in 2025 with the traction motors segment capturing over $25 billion. Traction motors propelling land, water and air vehicles along can consist of one inboard motor or - an increasing trend - more than one near the wheels, in the wheels, in the transmission or ganged to get extra power. Complex trends in this industry are explained with this updated report, and future winning suppliers are identified alongside market forecasts. The information is especially important as hybrid vehicles may have the electric motor near the conventional engine or its exhaust, and this may mean they need to tolerate temperatures never before encountered in pure electric vehicles. Motors for highly price-sensitive markets such as electric bikes, scooters, e-rickshaws and micro EVs avoid the price hikes of neodymium and other rare earths in the magnets.
Book

The Global Automotive Exterior LED Market: Trends & Forecasts to 2018

2014-10-01
LEDs are now acknowledged as the mainstream standard light source of what might reasonably be called ‘the future already in progress’. Their small size, powerful light emission, extreme reliability, low energy requirement and long lifespan mean that LEDs continue to make quick inroads in automotive sectors governed by cost and performance demands alike. Indeed, since the last edition of this report was published in 2010, the sector has continued to witness a blistering rate of innovation, and LEDs have now broken every automotive application barrier. Nevertheless, there are other light source technologies that have sprung from LED research and development, and some are poised to supplement – or even, in certain applications, supplant them.
Book

Heavy-Duty Wheeled Vehicles: Design, Theory, Calculations

2014-01-27
Heavy-duty wheeled vehicles (HDWVs) are all-wheel-drive vehicles that carry 25 tons or more and have three or more axles. They transport heavy, bulky cargo such as raw minerals, timber, construction materials, pre-fabricated modules, weapons, combat vehicles, and more. HDWVs are used in a variety of industries (mining, logging, construction, energy) and are critical to a country’s economy and defense. These vehicles have unique development requirements due to their high loads, huge dimensions, and specific operating conditions. Hauling efficiencies can be improved by increasing vehicle load capacity; however capacities are influenced by legislation, road limits, and design. Designing HDWVs differs from other multi-purpose all-wheel-drive vehicles. The chassis must be custom-designed to suit the customer’s particular purpose. The number of axles is another variable, as well as which ones are driving and which are driven. Tires are also customizable.
Book

Autonomous Vehicles for Safer Driving

2013-04-16
Self-driving cars are no longer in the realm of science fiction, thanks to the integration of numerous automotive technologies that have matured over many years. Technologies such as adaptive cruise control, forward collision warning, lane departure warning, and V2V/V2I communications are being merged into one complex system. The papers in this compendium were carefully selected to bring the reader up to date on successful demonstrations of autonomous vehicles, ongoing projects, and what the future may hold for this technology. It is divided into three sections: overview, major design and test collaborations, and a sampling of autonomous vehicle research projects. The comprehensive overview paper covers the current state of autonomous vehicle research and development as well as obstacles to overcome and a possible roadmap for major new technology developments and collaborative relationships.
Book

Kinetic Energy Recovery Systems for Racing Cars

2013-04-02
A kinetic energy recover system (KERS) captures the kinetic energy that results when brakes are applied to a moving vehicle. The recovered energy can be stored in a flywheel or battery and used later, to help boost acceleration. KERS helps transfer what was formerly wasted energy into useful energy. In 2009, the Federation Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA) began allowing KERS to be used in Formula One (F1) competition. Still considered experimental, this technology is undergoing development in the racing world but has yet to become mainstream for production vehicles. The Introduction of this book details the theory behind the KERS concept. It describes how kinetic energy can be recovered, and the mechanical and electric systems for storing it. Flybrid systems are highlighted since they are the most popular KERS developed thus far. The KERS of two racing vehicles are profiled: the Dyson Lola LMP1 and Audi R18 e-tron Quattro.
Book

Multi-Axle Vehicle Dynamics

2012-09-24
Commercial vehicles must transport an increasing volume of freight on a relatively fixed infrastructure. Some of these vehicles are highly specialized and customized to perform particular tasks. One way to increase freight hauling efficiency is to allow longer vehicles with more axles. These vehicles will have different handling properties and must be driven on existing infrastructure. Longer term, autonomous-like vehicles could be used to increase vehicle utilization. In both cases characterizations of multi-axle vehicle dynamics are required. A two-dimensional yaw plane model is used in practice to analyze handling performance of two-axle passenger cars. Commonly known as the "bicycle" model because it combines all tire forces associated with a given axle to act on the centerline of the vehicle, the yaw plane model allows lateral velocity and yaw rate degrees of freedom.
Book

Tire and Vehicle Dynamics, Third Edition

2012-04-01
Encompassing the latest developments on tire mechanics, this definitive third edition combines theory, guidance, discussion and insight in one comprehensive reference. In this well-known resource, the author, leading tire model expert Hans Pacejka, explains the relationship between operational variables, vehicle variables and tire modeling, taking you on a journey through the effective modeling of complex tire and vehicle dynamics problems.
Book

Occupant Protection and Automobile Safety in the U.S. since 1900

2012-03-20
This book provides a historical review of safety features appearing on passenger cars that have been produced for sale in the U.S. from 1900 to the present. A main theme throughout is the impact the automobile has made on society, with particular emphasis on accidents and loss of life. Another theme is the technological advances that have contributed to safer driving. Even though the author details the technical details of the major safety-related components of automobiles, the book is written for anyone with an interest in the workings of motor vehicles. Topics include: events driving the implementation of specific safety features government involvement and legislative actions effects of mandated and non-mandated implementation effects of safety technologies on annual passenger deaths technical details of specific innovations development of crash protection testing standards Each of the five chapters covers a different period in the evolution of passenger cars.
Book

Engineered Tribological Composites

2011-11-30
Roy Cox provides readers with a thorough presentation of the topic, beginning with the earliest work on brakes by Frood in the early 1900s and friction studies by daVinci in the 1400s. From there, details about the processes of wear and the components of tribological systems are presented. Methods of manufacturing friction materials are described, and the elements of friction material are detailed—binders, fibers, abrasives, and lubricants. A large portion of the book delves deeply into materials for binders, resins, fibers, abrasives, lubricants, and fillers, providing background on the various materials, their pros and cons, and numerous ways they can be applied to friction systems. Much of this discussion focuses on the compositional makeup and effects of ingredients as they relate to the wear and friction performance of the final product.
Book

Automotive E/E Reliability

2011-11-15
Electrical and electronic reliability is a critical issue for automakers and suppliers as well as car buyers and dealers. The burden of reliability falls most heavily on automotive E/E engineers, system and software developers, component suppliers, and tools vendors. This book explores ways that the automotive industry continues to add E/E features while maintaining if not improving overall reliability. This book helps executives, decision-makers, and managers to quickly grasp the key drivers associated with E/E reliability in the automotive market. Academics who teach electronics and automotive engineering will also be interested in the book, as well as those in government who legislate and regulate automotive electronics. Author John Day interviewed nearly 50 experts on all facets of E/E systems and reliability during preparation of this manuscript. In addition, he culled information from press releases and presentations.
Book

Brake Design and Safety, Third Edition

2011-10-04
The objectives of this third edition of an SAE classic title are to provide readers with the basic theoretical fundamentals and analytical tools necessary to design braking systems for passenger vehicles and trucks that comply with safety standards, minimize consumer complaints, and perform safely and efficiently before and while electronic brake controls become active. This book, written for students, engineers, forensic experts, and brake technicians, provides readers with theoretical knowledge of braking physics, and offers numerous illustrations and equations that make the information easy to understand and apply. New to this edition are expanded chapters on: • Thermal analysis of automotive brakes • Analysis of hydraulic brake systems • Single vehicle braking dynamics
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Vehicle Accident Analysis and Reconstruction Methods, Second Edition

2011-04-12
Designed for the experienced practitioner, this new book aims to help reconstruction specialists with problems they may encounter in everyday analysis. The authors demonstrate how to take the physics behind accidents out of the idealized world and into practical situations. Real-world examples are used to illustrate the methods, clarify important concepts, and provide practical applications to those working in the field. Thoroughly revised, this new edition builds on the original exploration of accident analysis, reconstruction, and vehicle design. Enhanced with new material and improved chapters on key topics, an expanded glossary of automotive terms, and a bibliography at the end of the book providing further reading suggestions make this an essential resource reference for engineers involved in litigation, forensic investigation, automotive safety, and crash reconstruction.
Book

Brake NVH: Testing and Measurements

2011-03-29
As other vehicle systems have become more refined, more attention must be placed on brake NVH issues because they can cause a negative customer experience. From the laboratory to the road, the use of technology as well as further study by engineers is helping to lessen noise, judder, and vibration in cars. This book provides readers with a fundamental understanding of current practices for measuring and testing brake NVH. From coverage of basic definitions and concepts to in-depth analysis of on-road testing procedures, it will serve as a comprehensive reference guide for brake test technicians, test engineers, lab managers, and others who work on making brakes quieter, smoother, more refined, and more reliable. Readers will learn how to test for brake noise, what tools to use, and which recent standards and practices have led to the successful measurement of brake noise and vibration.
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Electric and Hybrid-Electric Vehicles - Braking Systems and NVH Considerations

2010-11-29
With production and planning for new electric vehicles gaining momentum worldwide, this book – the fourth in a series of five volumes on this subject – provides engineers and researchers with perspectives on the most current and innovative developments regarding electric and hybrid-electric vehicle technology, design considerations, and components. This book features eight SAE technical papers, published from 2008 through 2010, that provide an overview of research on electric vehicle braking systems, and electric vehicle noise, vibration and harshness (NVH). Topics include: Regenerative braking systems in heavy duty hybrid-electric vehicles Development of an auxiliary pressurized hybrid brake system NVH integration in hybrid vehicles Spherical beamforming and buzz, squeak and rattle (BSR) testing
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