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Technical Paper

A Study on the Cyclic Plastic Zone Size Method, ω*, for Digital Fatigue Life Prediction of Arc-Welded Joints

2003-10-27
2003-01-2835
Various prediction methods have been proposed for evaluating the fatigue life of welded joints by combining finite element analysis (FEA) with an experimental database. However, to obtain more universal and accurate fatigue life predictions, it is necessary to have criteria for making integrated evaluations of the fatigue strength of welded joints. This paper presents a study that focuses on the local cyclic plastic zone size (ω*) as the criterion of fatigue strength and investigates its validity. The definition of ω* was given by the relationship between the stress state at the notch tip and the elastic strain which was defined along the strain-life fatigue curve (ε - N diagram) of a base metal. As a result of using ω*, it was found that an integrated fatigue life prediction was possible to a certain extent for notch and arc-welded joint specimens.
Technical Paper

Sensitivity Analysis Method of Scatter Factors Based on Cyclic Plastic Zone Size for Fatigue Life of Arc-Welded Joint

2003-10-27
2003-01-2826
Effects of various scatter factors on fatigue strength for arc-welds were studied by fatigue test results and sensitivity analysis using the method of cyclic plastic zone size (ω*). The followings were clarified. First, effects of flank angle could be decided by the sensitivity calculated based on the relation between fatigue life for finite life and flank angle. Second, effects of material could be explained by the sensitivity for which the difference of fatigue strength coefficient for each material was analysed. The results, it was verified that there was no effect in notch specimens and there was effect in smooth specimens. Third, effect of thickness was defined by function of the ratio of thickness.
Technical Paper

Fatigue Life Prediction Method Based on Cyclic Plastic Zone Size for Arc-Welded Structures which Used Virtual Prototype Vehicles

2003-10-27
2003-01-2823
The study by the “Committee on Fatigue Strength & Structural Reliability “of the Society of Automotive Engineering of Japan (JSAE) reveals that the method of fatigue life prediction based on cyclic plastic zone size (ω*) which proposed by Koibuchi at el.(1) (2) (4) (5) have accurate prediction ability for the fatigue life of arc-welded joint. But in this method solid elements with sides smaller than 0.001mm long for calculation of ω* is required and it is not practical to apply for all the arc-welded parts in an entire vehicle. Then, The method of simply calculating ω* etc were examined, and fatigue life prediction method based on ω* for arc-weld structures which used virtual prototype vehicles was developed. Moreover, the validity of the method was verified from the comparison with the fatigue test result.
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