A Study of Flow Characteristics on the Diesel-Gasoline Dual-Fuel Combustion by 3-D CFD
Various advanced combustion concepts, which can achieve higher thermal efficiency and emissions reduction, have been suggested as the emissions regulation gets stricter. Dual-fuel combustion that operates by using different fuels having both premixed and non-premixed combustion characteristics is one of the viable alternatives. In dual-fuel combustion, it is critical to understand air-fuel mixture distribution as it determines the ignition spot and following combustion phase. The fuel distribution in the engine is affected by various factors, such as chamber geometry, injection strategy or in-cylinder flow motion. Furthermore, among them, in-cylinder motion, usually described in terms of swirl or tumble motion, is mostly affected by in-cylinder port geometry. In this paper, 3-dimensional Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) was used to investigate the effect of in-cylinder flow motion in dual-fuel combustion. Two head and port geometries were used in the simulations.