High Injection Pressures at the Upper Load Limit of Stratified Operation in a DISI Engine
This paper presents the results of investigations that were carried out on a single-cylinder spray-guided direct injection engine. The effects of injection pressures of up to 1000 bar on combustion and emissions at the stability limit of stratified load are presented. It is known that at low engine speeds, problems in mixture preparation occur due to insufficient in-cylinder motion at higher loads in stratified charge operation. Additionally, adverse effects appear at high engine speeds due to limited time for vaporization and mixture formation. Therefore, investigations at various engine speeds ranging from 2000 to 4000 rpm were performed. As a baseline, a production multihole injector is compared with an injector that has been specially adapted for higher injection pressures.