An On-line path correction method based on 2D laser profile measurement for Gluing Robot
Gluing is an essential fastening step in the field of aircraft assembly except for riveting and bolting. Generally, the robotic programs of gluing are generated in CAM environment. Due to the positioning errors and deformation of the workpiece to be glued in the fixture, the nominal pose and the actual pose of the workpiece are no longer consistent with each other. The Robot trajectory of dispensing glue are adjusted manually according to the actual pose of the workpiece by robot teaching. In this paper, an on-line gluing path correction method is developed by 2D laser profile measurement. A pose calibration method for 2D laser profiler integrated into a gluing robot by measuring a fixed center point of a standard ball is proposed to identify the position and orientation of the laser sensor, which enables the accurate transforming coordinates between the robot frame and the sensor frame. Meanwhile, the pose of the gluing tool mounted on the end of the robot is calibrated.