New Criteria for 0D/1D Knock Models to Predict the Knock Boundary for Different Gasoline Fuels
As engine knock limits the efficiency of spark ignition engines and consequently further reduction of CO2 emissions, SI engines are typically designed to operate at the knock boundary. Therefore, a precise knock model is necessary to consider this phenomenon in an engine process simulation. The basis of the introduced 0D/1D knock model is to predict when the unburnt mixture auto-ignites, since auto-ignitions precede knocking events. The knock model further needs to evaluate the auto-ignition, because not every auto-ignition results in engine knock. As the introduced model’s prediction of the auto-ignition onset is already validated at extensive variations of operating conditions, this publication focusses on its evaluation. For this, two new, independent criteria are developed that take the pre-reactions of the unburnt mixture before the start of combustion into account to calculate a respective threshold for the auto-ignition onset at the knock boundary.