Exhaust rebreathing strategy for low-NOx applied on a Heavy-Duty Compression Ignition Engine
This study investigates the effect of exhaust rebreathe (RB) on the low-load regime of a Gasoline Compression Ignition (GCI) heavy-duty engine. For this engine, a custom-designed cam profile with a second exhaust event occurring during the intake stroke was tested under different experimental load and speed conditions. First, the study focuses on the of rebreathe on combustion and gas exchange processes in the low load range of 240-300 kPa BMEP at three key speeds: 820, 1200, and 1600 rpm. Then, a general analysis of the thermal management of this technology is assessed in the low-load map, evaluating the impact on turbine outlet temperature and after-treatment performance related to the conversion rates for NOx and total hydrocarbons (THC). The detailed analysis revealed an increase of around 9% in the trapped residuals for the RB operation, translating to an in-cylinder temperature increase and raising the exhaust temperature up to 50°C.