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Applied Vehicle Dynamics

Take notes! Take the wheel! There is no better place to gain an appreciation for vehicle dynamics than from the driver’s seat. Spend three, intense days with a world-renowned vehicle dynamics engineer and SAE Master Instructor, his team of experienced industry engineers, and the BMW-trained professional driving instructors. They will guide you as you work your way through 12 classroom modules learning how and why vehicles go, stop and turn. Each classroom module is immediately followed by an engaging driving exercise on BMW’s private test track.

OnQue Digital Standards System - Standards

Now Available from SAE International, SAE OnQue is a revolutionary digital standards solution that optimizes the way automotive and aerospace engineers access standards.
Technical Paper

Reconstruction of an Auto-Rickshaw Frontal Crash using FE Simulation with Validation using Captured Crash Video from India

The three-wheeled "Auto-Rickshaws" [Auto] plays a significant role in road transportation, especially in India. The crash safety and reconstruction studies have been widely used in four-wheelers, whereas the availability of such data for Auto was limited. In recent times, accident data processing from available videos is being utilized to observe the crash scenario. The crash parameters can be given as inputs to the crash analysis. This paper focuses on the process the real-world accident data and study crash characteristics. With limitation in the availability of detailed injuries post-crash, the study was restricted to reconstructing crash kinematics and estimating indicative injuries to the driver. The source of video data is videos of crash available in public domains like YouTube. PYTHON video processing tool has been used to process the set of real-world accident video data.

Truck Deformation Classification

The scope and purpose of this SAE Recommended Practice is to provide a classification system for deformation sustained by trucks involved in collisions on the highway. Application of the document is limited to medium trucks, heavy trucks, and articulated combinations. The TDC classifies collision contact deformation, as opposed to induced deformation, so that the deformation is segregated into rather narrow limits or categories. Studies of collision deformation can then be performed on one or many data banks with assurance that data under study are of essentially the same type. Many of the features of the SAE J224 MAR80 have been retained in this document, although the characters within specific columns vary. Each document must therefore be applied to the appropriate vehicle type. It is also important to note that the Truck Deformation Classification (TDC) does not identify specific vehicle configurations and body types.

Self-Propelled Sweepers Sweep-Ability Performance

This SAE Standard establishes a method of disclosing the sweep-ability performance of self-propelled sweepers that use broom means for sweeping and collection, together with either a mechanical- or pneumatic-conveyance system for the transfer of “sweepings” into a collection hopper.
Technical Paper

Light Weight Tubular Suspension Frame Design for Light Commercial Vehicle

Front suspension frame is an integral part of automobile chassis which acts as a major load carrying structural member and connects different suspension components with body. It provides the required stiffness for achieving desired vehicle dynamics performance. Acting as a major road load path from tire to body, it also acts as a mounting base for suspension arm, steering and compression rod. Considering the competitive market conditions, increased fuel efficiency demand along with enhanced structural durability, it is important to evaluate suspension frame for stiffness and durability using Computer Aided Engineering (CAE) methodology so as to reduce product development time and First Time Right cost effective design. In this paper focus is given on CAE methodology used to design a light weight tubular kind of suspension frame for light commercial vehicle with stiffness comparable to conventional sheet metal suspension frame and similar durability performance with reduced weight.

Crane Boom Hoist Disengaging Device

This SAE Standard applies to cranes which are equipped to adjust the boom angle by hoisting and lowering means through rope reeving.
Technical Paper

Assessment of a Hydrogen-Fueled Heavy-Duty Yard Truck for Roll-On and Roll-Off Port Operations

The port-logistic industry has a significant impact on the urban environment nearby ports and on the surrounding coastal areas. This is due to the use of large auxiliary power systems on ships operating during port stays, as well as to the employment of a number of fossil fuel powered road vehicles required for port operations. The environmental impact related to the use of these vehicles is twofold: on one hand, they contribute directly to port emissions by fuel consumption; on the other hand, they require some of the ship auxiliary systems to operate intensively, such as the ventilation system, which must operate to remove the pollutants produced by the vehicle engines inside the ship. The pathway to achieve decarbonization and mitigation of energy use in ports involves therefore the adoption of alternative and cleaner technology solutions for the propulsion systems of such port vehicles.
Journal Article

A Real-Time-Capable Simulation Model for Off-Highway Applications Considering Soft Soil

Abstract This article describes the real-time simulation of a tire model for the off-highway sector. The off-highway area is characterized by soft surfaces. The additional deformation of the ground can result in more complex interactions between the tires and ground than in the on-highway area. The basics for these relationships are explained using normal and shear stress models. Aspects such as elastic tires, sinking due to slip, and multipass are also described. It is explained how soft soil modeling is used by a height field model to calculate the deformations of the soil and the resulting tire forces. Particular emphasis is placed on the calculation time and the numerical stability. The implementation in an existing real-time-capable vehicle model is described, which is important to provide a comprehensive simulation solution. During the validation it could be shown that the implemented height field can correctly map the soft soil properties.
Technical Paper

Driveline Torsional Vibration Analysis and Clutch Damper Characteristics Optimization for reducing Commercial Vehicle Noise and Vibrations

The automotive world has seen an increase in customer demands for vehicles having low noise and vibrations. One of the most important source of noise and vibrations associated with vehicles is the vibration of driveline systems. For commercial vehicles, the refinement of drivelines from NVH point of view is complex due to the cost and efficiency constraints. The typical rear wheel drive configuration of commercial vehicles mostly amplifies the torsional vibrations produced by engine which results into higher noise in the vehicle operating speed range. Theoretically, there are various options available for fine tuning the torsional vibration performance of the vehicle drive train. The mass moments of inertia and stiffness of the drivetrain components play significant role in torsional vibration damping, however, except minor changes to flywheel mass, it is hardly possible to change other components, subject to design limitations.
Journal Article

Detailed Modeling of Pneumatic Braking in Long Combination Vehicles

Abstract A detailed model for pneumatic S-cam drum brake systems is developed and integrated into a multibody dynamic model for a 33-ft A-double long combination vehicle (LCV). The model, developed in TruckSim®, is used to study the dynamics of LCVs during straight-line braking at various speeds. It includes the response delay in braking that occurs from the time of application to when the brakes are applied at the drum for all axles. Additionally, the model incorporates an accurate characterization of brake torque versus chamber pressure at different speeds, along with the anti-lock brake system (ABS) dynamics, to yield an accurate prediction of the vehicle’s deceleration during braking. The modeling results are compared with test results at speeds ranging from 20 mph to 65 mph on dry pavement. A close match between the model’s prediction and test results is observed.
Research Report

Unsettled Technology Areas in Deterministic Assembly Approaches for Industry 4.0

Increased production rates and cost reduction are affecting manufacturing in all mobility industry sectors. One enabling methodology that could achieve these goals in the burgeoning “Industry 4.0” environment is the optimized deterministic assembly (DA) approach. It always forms the same final structure and has a strong link to design-for-assembly and design-for-automation. The entire supply chain is considered, with drastic savings at the final assembly line level through recurring costs and lead-time reduction. Unsettled Technology Areas in Deterministic Assembly Approaches for Industry 4.0 examines the evolution of previous assembly principles that lead up to and enable the DA approach, related simulation methodologies, and undefined and unsolved links between these domains. Click here to access the full SAE EDGETM Research Report portfolio.

SAE Truck & Off-Highway Engineering: August 2021

Accelerating truck autonomy Platform-agnostic interfaces, field data analytics and smart diagnostics will help the commercial-vehicle industry reach SAE Level 4 and 5 operations sooner. Upswing in outsourced EV testing As testing for electric commercial-vehicle propulsion systems surges, Drive System Design is rushing to expand its testing capabilities in the U.S. to keep up with the demand. Global emissions regs demand differing engine strategies The best choice in emissions-reducing technology varies for the U.S. versus Europe and elsewhere, a Jacobs expert details. Precision ag aids sustainability Deere expert Deanna Kovar, a 2021 SAE COMVEC keynoter, provides her thoughts on the future of autonomy, computer vision and machine learning, data management and more.

Wide Base Disc Wheels and Demountable Rims - Truck, Bus, and Trailer

This SAE Recommended Practice establishes uniform engineering nomenclature for wide base disc wheels and demountable rims. This nomenclature and accompanying figures are intended to define fundamental wide base disc wheel and demountable rim terms. The dimensions given are those necessary to maintain serviceability and interchangeability of the wide base disc wheels and demountable rims with standard hardware. Valve clearances have not been included in this document.

Rope Drum Rotation Indicating Device

This SAE Surface Vehicle Recommended Practice applies to cranes when used in lifting crane service which are equipped with rope drum rotation indicating devices.